What percentage of medical assistants become doctors?

Medical assistant: training and job description

As a doctor's assistant you work in a doctor's practice and support the doctor in various tasks such as organizing the practice, making appointments and receiving patients, but also with treatments such as blood draws or infusions. Today, as ever, medical assistants are irreplaceable in any practice. The following overview shows how you can become a doctor's assistant, what constitutes everyday working life and what salary is common.

Medical assistant training - requirements, content, duration

Strictly speaking, the profession of medical assistant has not existed for a long time. The job title was replaced by the term medical specialist (MFA) because the job became more complex, varied and technically demanding. So if you want to become a doctor's assistant, you have to complete training as a medical assistant (MFA).

A certain school leaving certificate is not required for training as a medical assistant. Legally, no specific previous training is required for dual training as a medical specialist (MFA). The majority of the mostly female trainees have a secondary school diploma, 17 percent have a secondary school diploma or no school diploma and a further 19 percent have a high school diploma. The training lasts three years and is completed in parallel in the company and in the vocational school.

The training to become a medical assistant can be completed in the following companies:

  • Doctors' practices in different specialties such as a family doctor's practice (general medicine)
  • Medical care centers (MVZ)
  • Laboratories
  • Hospitals and clinics

The prerequisite is the health suitability for the job, which must be proven by a medical certificate. Strong social skills are also essential. Medical assistants need empathy, organizational skills and a good feel for the right words at the right moment. Because in many medical practices it happens again and again that patients cannot express their complaints correctly, are very afraid of the examination or are upset about the waiting times. As a medical assistant, you have to strike the right note in every situation.

The training content is standardized nationwide and specified in the training regulations and the framework curriculum. In the vocational school, the general basic medical knowledge for the profession of medical assistant is imparted. In addition, general subjects such as German as well as economics and social studies are taught. In the operational part, apprentices train how to deal with patients in different situations, how to coordinate appointments, write reports, keep patient files and handle billing. Hygiene measures and the correct storage of medicines, vaccines and medical aids are also practiced. In addition, as a budding doctor's assistant, you acquire numerous medical skills, you learn to draw blood, use syringes, recognize infectious diseases, treat wounds, apply various bandages and assist with medical procedures. Additional specialist knowledge can be added, for example in training as a medical assistant in ophthalmology.

Overall, the training is demanding, almost a quarter of all trainees drop out prematurely. At the end of the second year of training there is an intermediate examination. At the end of the training there is a final exam, which consists of a practical and a written exam. After passing the final exam, you can officially work as a medical specialist in medical practices in a wide variety of disciplines. Dentistry is an exception, as special training as a dental assistant (ZMFA) must be completed for this specialist area.

Medical Assistant - Training Salary

During the training as a medical assistant, a salary is paid, the amount of which is uniformly regulated nationwide via a collective agreement. The monthly training allowance has been since 01/01/2021

Year of trainingSalary (gross month)
1st year of training880 euros
2nd year of training935 euros
3rd year of training995 euros

Medical Assistant - Duties and Activities

The profession of medical assistant is a classic female profession. The proportion of men is around 10 percent. 90 percent of all medical assistants work in practices for resident doctors, ten percent are employed in clinics. Laboratories and health authorities are also possible employers. How everyday work is organized depends on the specialist area and the size of the practice. Everyday working life can be varied, especially in small practices. Then you take on numerous tasks as a doctor's assistant, look after the patients, give vaccinations and other injections, change bandages and assist with examinations and minor interventions. Then you do various administrative work including billing with the health insurance companies.

In some departments, handling technical devices is part of everyday life. We work closely with the doctor. In larger practices, especially in group practices and medical care centers, a greater division of tasks is common and a greater distance to superiors is given. Then you are either primarily busy with patients or mainly sitting at the computer, typing up findings, writing reports, doing the bills and coordinating appointments.

Medical assistants have regular working hours. The number of part-time employees is over 50 percent. Overtime, night and weekend work are atypical. If they do happen, there are surcharges according to the collective agreement (for overtime as well as for Saturday, Sunday, public holiday and night work, work on December 24th and 31st from 12:00).

Medical Assistant - Salary

The salary as a doctor's assistant is regulated nationwide by collective bargaining agreement. According to this, full-time employees will receive between € 2,088 and € 3,978 gross per month from 01/01/2021. When calculating the exact salary, the job group (I-VI) and the years of employment play a central role. As a young professional, you can therefore expect a gross monthly amount of EUR 2,088. For part-time employees, they receive 1 / 167th of the respective monthly salary per hour for full-time employees in their job group. For those starting out on the job, this corresponds to 12.50 euros per hour.

Medical Assistant Jobs

Looking for suitable medical assistant job offers? You will find what you are looking for on our Medi-Karriere job portal.

This leads directly to our search with numerous medical assistant job offers.

Interested in other healthcare professions? There is an overview of all apprenticeships on the medical professions page.