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Great places for making in India

As part of the "Doing Business in India Guide" series, Invest India regularly collects information kits in response to various investor inquiries. These concern various elements of investor interest such as taxes, incorporation of company and company guidelines, government guidelines, visa guidelines, sector and country specific information packages, etc. Great Places for Manufacturing in India is the latest information package from Invest India (in collaboration with JLL), whereby Facts, figures and investor activity for various industrial ecosystems in India were recorded. This is the first in the planned series, which will later be expanded to include other established and emerging industrial clusters in India. Thematic collections of clusters such as industrial centers in coastal economic areas, centers in northeastern states, and centers for high priority sectors will be included in future editions. This series is an attempt to provide investors with deeper clarity and insight into doing business in India and to answer general investor questions about understanding various skills, players and strengths of the Indian manufacturing landscape.

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About the report

This guide (a joint collaboration between Invest India and JLL) is intended for the benefit of existing and potential investors in India and the entire support ecosystem for starting investment in India. Read To Learn More If You Want To Understand -

  • The business, economic, and demographic overview of India
  • India's manufacturing ecosystem, including key stakeholders, investor facilitation mechanisms, and cross-location location research for sample sectors
  • Profiles of established industrial power plants in India with insights into the infrastructure of the hotspots, the state support, the occupiers, the focus sectors, the unique strengths and the industrial parks
  • The two tier incentive structure and mechanism of India

This report is the first in the series and additional locations will be covered in subsequent editions.

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Chapter 1: Advantage India

Exploring the economic opportunities in the land of the Great Banyan Tree:

India recorded 257% GDP growth between 2004-05 and 2018-19. As sixth largest Global consumer market and with a 49% labor force participation, India is likely to be a growth engine for global economic growth for the foreseeable future. The most attractive factors that make India a preferred destination for multinational companies are:

  1. Great development economy
  2. Logistics & maritime potential
  3. Great consumption base
  4. Massive investments in physical and digital infrastructure
  5. Historical tax reforms
  6. Business-friendly government and easy business dealings
  7. Abundant natural resources
  8. Youngest workforce
  9. High Technology Adoption Rates
  10. Focus on sustainability and environmental protection

Proactive and progressive leadership has successfully led the nation during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the country stands ready to emerge as the most suitable place for business continuity plans.

Chapter 2: Pan-India Location Analysis

Top established and emerging destinations for the manufacturing industry:

The past five years accounted for more than half of the FDI India had received since liberalization in the early 1990s, placing India in the top 3 greenfield FDI destinations. Interestingly, these investments have been made in a variety of sectors, from highly developed areas such as R&D centers and development centers for engineering, consumer internet, biotechnology and multinational pharmaceutical companies to resource intensive industries such as food processing, chemicals and petrochemicals. India also attracted large investments in labor-intensive manufacturing processes in the electronics assembly, textile and shoe industries. This chapter provides a glimpse into the most advanced ecosystems and preferred manufacturing locations in the chemical and petrochemical, automotive and automotive components, drugs and pharmaceuticals, and electronics and consumer devices sectors.

Chapter 3: Mumbai-Aurangabad

Maharashtra's new industrial belt:

Mumbai that 12. richest city in the world, is India 's financial, commercial and entertainment capital, accounting for 5% of India' s GDP and 70% of the country 's capital transactions. The port of Jawaharlal Nehru, popularly known as JNPT, is India's largest container port and enables 40% of the Indian container volume. The Mumbai Aurangabad corridor houses many IT, pharmaceutical, textile and consumer goods. Aurangabad is also developing into a center for automobile manufacturing and development.

Chapter 4: Pune

A unique highlight of IT and manufacturing:

With almost a fifth of industrial investment in India, the city and its industrial areas are established hubs for automobiles, consumer goods, and IT and engineering. It is the most developed automotive ecosystem in India and has a remarkable concentration of German, American, Korean and Chinese companies. This city is also one of the most important markets in India for the development of light industrial parks and warehouses. Pharmaceuticals and food processing are other important sectors. The city was ranked first in the Mercer Quality of Living Index 2018 for Indian cities.

Chapter 5: NH48, Gurugram-Bhiwadi-Neemrana corridor

India's oldest automobile cluster:

The NH48, which connects Delhi to Mumbai, is home to several industrial clusters such as Gurugram, Manesar, Bhiwadi, Bawal, Neemrana and Ghilot, particularly near NCR. Together with the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor, it has developed into the conceptual backbone of the Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor. The Gurugram Manesar Bawal Belt is the largest automotive ecosystem in India and accounts for half of 4 wheel manufacturing. Gurugram is an IT and startup hub and the seat of more than half of the Fortune 500 companies. Neemrana is home to more than 55 Japanese companies in its successful Japanese industrial community. FMCG, ESDM, and ceramics and glass are other notable sectors along the highway.

Chapter 6: Noida - Greater Noida - Yamuna Expressway

India's electronics manufacturing corridor:

India's largest electronics manufacturing zone accounts for 40% of India's mobile manufacturing and more than half of its mobile component manufacturing. It is home to the largest cluster of Chinese factories in India, as well as a notable Korean and Japanese presence. Automobile manufacturers and accessories, IT and food processing are also notably represented in this zone. Jewar International Airport, which is planned to be the largest aerotropolis in India and the second international airport in Delhi, is slated to be operational by 2023.

Chapter 7: Bengaluru

India's Silicon Valley:

A startup, IT and R&D capital of the world, Bengaluru is home to 70% of India's chip designers, 60% of India's machine tool production, more than 400 global R&D centers and 2/5 of India's IT exports. It's also a hub for aerospace, textiles, and biotechnology. The capital of India is pioneering niche segment policies such as India's first ever electric vehicle and energy storage policy, startup policy, AVGC (animation, VFX and gaming) policy and, among others, the seat of some of India's largest public sector companies such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML).

Chapter 8: Chennai

Detroit of India and nearby Tirupati-Nellore cluster:

Tamil Nadu is the state with the largest number of factories in India and its capital Chennai is the largest industrial and commercial center in South India. The city is home to 3 of India's 12 most important ports, making it India's closest port of call for key manufacturing ecosystems such as China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan and ASEAN. 1/3 the Indian automotive industry is concentrated here, with notable presence in engineering, textiles and apparel, leather goods, software and IT-based services. Chennai is known as an industrial growth corridor for three cities, along with Tirupati (an up-and-coming electronics cluster) and Nellore-Chittoor (home of Sricity: India's largest industrial park in southern India).

Chapter 9: Hyderabad

Promotion of new innovations in the manufacturing sector:

Hyderabad, popularly known as Cyberabad, is India's second Silicon Valley after Bengaluru. It prides itself on hosting the largest locations (outside of the US) from tech giants like Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Microsoft, Uber, Google, and Qualcomm. The state also has niche policies like drone policies, data center policies, IoT policies, IMAGE (innovation in multimedia, animation, games, and entertainment) policies, and innovation policies to bolster its status as an innovation and IT powerhouse. With a 1/3 share of global vaccine production and two-fifths of domestic drug production, the city is also an established center for drugs and biotechnology. Other notable sectors are aerospace and defense and ESDM.

Chapter 10: Ahmedabad

India's emerging automotive hub:

Ahmedabad, India's first cultural city, is an established industrial base for chemicals, textiles, pharmaceuticals and food processing. Under the leadership of Suzuki Motors and Honda, the Mandal-Becharaji industrial belt, along with neighboring Sanand, is expected to become India's largest automotive hub once expansion plans are completed. It is the largest city in the state with the longest coastline and the highest number of ports. GIFT (Gujarat International Finance Tec City) is India's only international financial services center (IFSC) trying to compete with financial centers like Singapore, Hong Kong and Dubai.

Chapter 11: Vadodara, Bharuch-Ankleshwar Cluster

The state's agricultural engineering and chemistry cluster:

With a share of more than a third of India's power transmission and distribution equipment manufacturers, the region also has a vibrant manufacturing landscape that spans industries such as chemicals, pharmaceuticals, mechanical engineering, and automotive. The Dahej Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Region (PCPIR) zone is India's most active and successful and one of the best locations for red category industries. The OPaL (ONGC Petro Additions Limited) unit in Dahej is the largest petrochemical plant in India. This is also where the Indian Oil Corporation's second largest refinery is located, which when expansion plans are completed is expected to become India's largest refinery by 2023.

Chapter 12: Incentives Snapshot

Structure and types:

India follows a federal structure in which both the central and state governments set laws, guidelines and incentives to regulate and support the industry in their areas of responsibility. Incentive systems designed by the center and the states pursue the following goals:

  • Attract new / supporting expansion of production units,
  • Attract new / supportive expansion of service companies and start-ups,
  • Promote exports from India,
  • Increase the value added in India etc.

India has implemented a number of historic tax reforms over the past 12 months, including lowering corporate tax to 17.16% for new production units, lowering corporate tax for existing businesses to 25.17% and eliminating taxes such as dividend distribution tax (DDT) and minimum alternative tax (MAT). State governments have led the way in introducing new reforms and expanding attractive business incentives. Some of the incentives often offered are capital grants, interest subsidies, stamp tax concessions, government GST refunds, employment subsidies, etc.

Chapter 13: Establishing Investment in India

Checklist of the most important stakeholders and investors:

India rolled out the red carpet to welcome investors to its shores. The focus of the Indian investment promotion and facilitation program has been personalized hand holding and problem solving for investors, which is carried out by the government through the existing or newly created administrative channels.

At the center, the Department for Promotion of Industry and Domestic Trade (DPIIT) of the Ministry of Trade and Industry has managed key national missions such as Make in India and Start-up India. Other line ministries formulate and implement guidelines for their respective sectors or allocation areas. Invest India is the Government of India's National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency and is headquartered in New Delhi.

At the state level, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, industrial development companies and investment promotion agencies play the most important roles in disseminating information, formulating investor-friendly policies and service packages, managing single window portals and justifying investments. The reports contain a detailed inventory of all of these major agencies