Which engineering should I study?
The engineering degree - a first overview
Is it worth studying engineering? Which courses are there and what can you do professionally with them? We'll take a very close look at the engineering degree.
What do you want to find out more about?
Everyone knows what is probably the most ingenious engineer and inventor of the modern age: Thomas Edison. In the age of industrialization, he developed the phonograph and invented the light bulb, constructed the first public power station and a working film camera. He invented a total of more than 2,000 devices and processes and developed them until they were patentable.
Even today, engineers are required to be technical and inventive, as well as a keen sense of technical feasibility. There is also increasing social, political and ecological responsibility.
The job description has changed particularly significantly in recent years. Whether it's a car, television, computer or cell phone - we live in a highly technical world. The development, operation and repair of products have become immensely complex and complicated. Today's engineers are now building power plants, fiber optic transatlantic cables, plasma screens, satellites, MP3 players, photovoltaic systems and hybrid cars.
Technology determines our life: It makes our everyday life more comfortable, safer and more efficient. A life without a dishwasher, microwave or car is now unimaginable for many. Often we are not even aware that there are a large number of engineers behind all these developments and products. What exactly is an engineer? What areas does he work in? And how do you become an engineer? These questions are answered in detail here at www.Ingenieurwesen-studieren.de.
"Also remember that it is technicians who make true democracy possible in the first place. Because they not only make people's daily work easier, but also make the works of the finest thinkers and artists [...] accessible to everyone."
Almost every second company in Germany is looking for engineers - they are in demand like never before. This is also made clear by the following graphic, which shows the annual demand for engineers in Germany up to the year 2027:
Anyone considering studying engineering has good future prospects. But in addition to the situation on the job market, interest in the job itself also plays an important role. Are you fascinated by technology and would you like to find out what makes our modern world tick? Are you interested in actively shaping our life, thinking up something new or improving what already exists? Then the engineering profession is just right for you.
How do you become an engineer? Requirements and duration of the course
You become an engineer with an engineering degree that can be completed at a university or technical college. The first degree, the Bachelor, usually lasts 6 semesters, i.e. three years. Those who want to gain further qualifications can continue their studies and acquire a master’s degree in (mostly) 4 semesters or two years.
In order to be able to start an engineering bachelor's degree at a university, however, the Abitur must first be passed. For an engineering degree at a technical college, the so-called technical college entrance qualification (Fachabi) is sufficient.
You should be very interested in the three natural sciences: biology, chemistry and, above all, physics. You should also be open to mathematics. Safe use of computers and modern software is also necessary. Many industrial companies operate worldwide - so you should definitely have a good command of English. In the age of globalization, it is advisable if you also speak another foreign language. If you don't speak a foreign language fluently, you don't need to despair: All universities, regardless of whether they are universities or technical colleges, also offer foreign language courses in engineering.
Creativity, team spirit, determination and responsible thinking and acting are also in demand.
Many engineering courses include internships lasting several months that must be completed before or during the course. Such an internship usually lasts three months, but it can vary between one and a half and twelve months depending on the subject and the university of applied sciences. The so-called pre-study internships often concern high school graduates or secondary school graduates without previous work experience who want to start a bachelor's degree in engineering at a university of applied sciences. First-year students who have previously completed an apprenticeship or other relevant professional activity will count this time towards the internship.
The agony of choice: which university is the right one?
Since the introduction of the bachelor's and master's degree programs, the theoretical or practical orientation of the engineering degree is no longer so dependent on the type of university chosen. So you should keep your career goal in mind first. You should then consider whether you would like to start your career after completing your bachelor's degree in order to get to know the reality of the company and gain practical experience, or whether it could be better to acquire a master’s degree and thus more knowledge in order to climb higher up the career ladder or to continue working in the academic university.
Find universities and universities of applied sciences
Even more practice in the dual study program
If you want to get into professional practice even faster, you can consider a dual course of study. The training in business and studies are interlinked, so that you can acquire good qualifications in theory and practice in a short time. Another benefit is that you make money right from the start. Professional academies follow a similar approach. Here, too, the practical and theoretical parts are linked or alternate. However, you should be careful with a dual engineering degree at the vocational academy: In the meantime, the "normal" academic bachelor's degree is often awarded, but there are also courses or courses that only lead to a state degree such as "Diplom Informatiker (BA) " to lock. The "(BA)" stands for Berufsakademie and means that it is not an academic degree.
More about dual studies
Either way, the following applies: the engineer with the quality seal "Made in Germany", whether he studied at a university of applied sciences or a university, is ideally equipped for the national and international job market.
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