What is the meaning behind Pakistan's flag
The flag was hoisted for the first time on 14th of August in 1947 in context with the independence of the country.
It has its roots in the party flag of the Muslim League created in 1906. Its target was the division of India in an Islamic and an Hindu state. That flag showed at the pole none white stripe.
The color green, the star and the half-moon symbolize the islam, while the white stripe on the leech ostensibly represents the in the country living (but toughly repressed) religious minorities. Pakistan is partly based on the British Ensign system. This points to the former colonial connections to Great Britain. Pakistan is partially orientated in the British Ensign system. This point out to the former colonial connections to Great Britain. Islamic symbolism, in the form of a crescent moon and star, goes back to the Ottoman Empire . The last caliph (from the house of the Abbasids) was executed in 1258. The caliph, Muhammad's successor, was the religious and secular head of the "Islamic Empire". Around 1460 the caliphate was revived by the ruler of the Ottoman Empire. This function became particularly important when the Turks conquered the city of Mecca in 1517 and assumed the function of the chief guardians and custodians of the holy places. Control of the holy places was lost during the First World War (Mecca 1916, Medina 1918). The caliphate was abolished by the Turkish National Assembly in 1924. The islamic symbolism, with thw half-moon and the star, is from Ottoman origin. The last Calif (from the house of the Abbaside's) was executed in 1258.
The Calif - successor of Mohammed - was the religious and worldly head of the "Islamic Empire". About 1460 the Califate was revitalized by the ruler of the Ottoman Empire. This function became more important as the Turks conquered Mecca Town in 1517, as they became the supreme protectors and preservers of the holy places.
The control over the holy places got lost during the First World War (Mecca 1916, Medina 1918). In 1924 the Califate became abolished by the Turkish national congregation. Thus, the crescent moon and star as symbols of Islam have spread around the world. The association of these symbols with green flags has its origins in Ottoman pan-Islamism. When there were independence movements in parts of the Ottoman Empire, Abdul Hamid II successfully countered these movements with the unifying bond of pan-Islamism. As a symbol of pan-Islamism, he made a green flag (the color of the prophet Mohammed's coat) and put the Turkish coat of arms on it. In this way became half-moon and star spreaded in the whole world as the Symbols of Islam. The coupling of that symbols with green flags has its roots in the ottoman panislamism.
As there arised independence movements in some regions of the Ottoman Empire, encounts Abdul Hamid II. These movements successful with the unifying string of panislamism.
To the symbol of the panislamism he made the green flag (color of the overcoat of the Prophet Mohammed), and layed above the Turkish coat of arms. The flag of the Islam was created.
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