How does faith relate to morality?
fowid note: The "Gretchen question" has now been decided in Western Europe. Only around a quarter of Western Europeans still see the need to believe in God in order to have morals and values - albeit with a range of 9 to 37 percent in the various countries. It doesn't make much difference whether the Christian tradition was Protestant or Catholic.
In the results of the recently published PEW study “The Global God Divide” (by Christine Tamir, Aidan Connaughton and Ariana Monique Salazar) it says in summary: “People's thoughts about whether belief in God is necessary in order to be moral vary depending on economic development, education and age. "
The basis for this are the questions: “What is the connection between belief in God and morality? And how important are God and prayer in people's lives? ”In 2019, PEW asked these questions to 38,426 people in 34 countries.
In these countries "which span six continents, a median of 45 percent says that it is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values." For the countries of Western Europe, the range is from 9 or 15 percent (in Sweden and France) up to 37 percent (in Germany). In the countries of Eastern Europe the range is 28 percent (in Hungary) to 50 percent (Ukraine / Bulgaria). The outliers 'to the west' are the Czechs (14 percent).
The approval rating for Germany appears high. So skepticism is called for, as PEW already had problems in the field work with the survey companies commissioned for Germany, which led to excessive values in favor of Christian views.
God Morality and GDP
“Overall, respondents in nations with lower gross domestic product are more likely to say that belief in God is necessary in order to be moral and have good values. In other words, there is an inverse relationship between GDP per capita and the percentage of the population that makes that connection between belief in God and morality. The statistical analysis shows a strong inverse correlation with a coefficient of -0.86. "
In this respect, the classic sentence is confirmed: "Need teaches you to pray."
Age / Political Ideology
“Most of the countries examined show generation differences when it comes to the question of whether belief in God is necessary in order to be moral and to have good values. Consistent with previous PEW analysis which found that younger adults are typically less religious through various interventions, 18-29 year olds are the least likely to say it is necessary to contact God believe to be moral. In the majority of the 34 countries examined, those over 50 are significantly more likely than those aged 18 to 29 to believe that belief in God is necessary for morality. "
“In 15 countries surveyed, respondents on the ideological right are significantly more likely to say that it is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values (ideology is self-reported and varies from country to country). The majority of the right wing in the US, Greece, Argentina and Israel say that belief in God is necessary for morality; less than half of the left in these countries say the same thing. The left-right gap in the USA, Poland and Greece is more than 30 percentage points. "
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