Why do we call things divine?

German dictionary by Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm (¹DWB)

Several entries were found for your query:

commodus, aptus see ↗gätlich, ↗getlichteil 4, 1, sp. 1490, plus ¹ divine A 3 a ε.
Compositions with ¹ divine as the first member are already known in the older nhd., they have appeared in greater numbers since the middle of the 18th century. The majority of the formations, which are not composed without a certain degree of violence, arise from the use of divine D 2, in which divine adjective defines an adverbial. this happens less often with an actually religious reference than within the improper use of divine C, in the sense of a comparison or in an increasing, distinguishing meaning. in addition, there are passive participatory formations, in which divine usually represents one from god, represented by the gods, see ¹göttlich B 2 ende.
Reference
German dictionary by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Lfg. 9 (1955), Vol. IV, I, V (1958), Col. 1378, line 57.

commodus, aptus see ↗gätlich, ↗getlichteil 4, 1, sp. 1490, plus ¹ divine A 3 a ε.
Compositions with ¹ divine as the first member are already known in the older nhd., they have appeared in greater numbers since the middle of the 18th century. The majority of the formations, which were not composed without a certain degree of violence, arise from the use of divine D 2, in which divine adjective defines an adverbial. this happens less often with an actually religious reference than within the improper use of divine C, in the sense of a comparison or in an increasing distinctive meaning. in addition, there are passive participatory formations, in which divine usually represents one from god, represented by the gods, see ¹göttlich B 2 ende.
Reference
German dictionary by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Lfg. 9 (1955), Vol. IV, I, V (1958), Col. 1378, line 57.

divinus.ahd. gotlîh, gotelîh, mhd. gotelich, götelich, göttelich, gothic, divine (md. godelich), mnl. godelijc, goddelijc, nl. goddelijk, at. guđligr, dan. gudelig, swed.gudlig, engl. (since the 14th century) godly. on the older history of the word, its predecessors and synonyms in the germanic languages, see M. Cahenl'adjectif divin en germanique in: publications de la faculté des lettres de l'université Strasbourg 21 (1924) 97ff. To reproduce the Latin (church lat.) divinus, most Germanic languages ​​use the compound * gudakunda- (ahd. * gudakunþa- and * gudakun anmja-, sW Schulzekl. schr. 70 ann. 2; for the got., dem Formations on -kunds are known per se, can only be traced back to gudisks, Gothic Bible 2. Tim. 3, 16; Skeir. 1, 10; 16), the original meaning of which comes from the gods' and 'partaking in the nature of the gods' , as in similarly formed gr. θεογενής, at least for an. gođkundr pagan is still attested. the adaptation of this word to the Christian adj, which is in the broadest sense of the word as an adjective of belonging. divinus took place most intensively in ags.godcund, which did not exist until the 14th century. is replaced by the simultaneously occurring and synonymously used adjectives devyne (English divine) and godly. ahd. gotkund (alemann. transcription of a bair. original in the gl. K., rhfrk. in the 8th century, alem. and ofrk. in the 9th century) stands as -kund-education within the ahd. isolated and probably has for this reason it has a shorter lifespan than its ags. parallel education, with which it also shares the diverse adaptations to divinus, as far as the not very extensive evidence suggests this. as early as the late 8th century. appears in the Rhine Franconian source group of Isidor and Monseer fragm. as a competing education the adj. gotlîh (the gloss prescia diuina cotlih forauuizo in Ra des Keron. gl., without corresponding in K and Pa, ahd. gl. 1, 226, 32 St.-S. belongs to the beginning of the 9th century, see Baesecked . dt. abrogans [1933] 17). in the 10th century this new formation displaces the older gotkund, which, in the extended form gotkundlîh, only continued into the 12th century in the glossographic tradition. is dragged along, cf. ahd. gl. 1, 747, 59 St.-S .; since Notker gotlîh ruled exclusively. more about the z. t. quite complicated discussion of the already mentioned and other synonymous formations in English. and north., here until the younger and younger, at Cahena. a. o. forms with a binding vowel (mostly -e-, occasionally -o-, see Notker 3, 83, 23 P., in dialectical coloring -i-) seem to have only appeared since Notker, who used them exclusively, see 1, 227, 6 P .; 284, 9; 285, 20, etc. in the mhd. They assert themselves consistently next to the seamless forms, only in the 15th century. they die out, cf. still gottilich (md. 15th century) Diefenbachgl. 629ᵇ. forms without a designation of the umlauts that appear first in the mhd. prevail in the 15th century. before and are also in the 16th century. still very numerous. Spelling with -tt- appears in the hss first. of the 14th century Occasionally occurring, but is in the 15th century. even rarer than those with simple dental. not until the 16th century the relationship is reversed, but encountered divine (expressly required by Gueintzd. dt. Rechtsschr. [1666] 11; 74) in the 17th century. often enough and still appears occasionally around the middle of the 18th century: divine (1747) Austrian has. 4, 180; (1752) Klopstockoden 1, 10, 32 M.-P. (next to divine 1, 10, 24 and otherwise always). especially the 14th and 15th centuries have special shapes, rounded in gettelich Nicolaus v. Basel 102; 104; 107 Schmidt; getlych (1492) Röhrichtpilgerreisen 257, diphthongized suffix in bair.-Austrian. götleich austrian chron. v. d. 95 ruling 129 Seem .; (15th century) sprachbuch 39, 27 Brenner; gotleich (1502) Diefenbachnov. gl. 254ᵇ. mnd. are forms like gotlic (nd. 1420) Diefenbachgl. 171ᵃ; gotlik (nd. 1417) nov. gl. 82ᵇ; 325ᵇ; godlic J. Veghe 348 Jostes. - a nasalized form of göttling can be found in älternhd. bair. sources, e.g. b .: according to seim göttling's sake, Hans Sachs 12, 112 lit. ver .; see 6, 151; according to seim göttling word N. Hermansonntagsevang. 216 Wolkan; see Weinholdbair. gr. § 168.
in christian use.
in the actual designation of what belongs to god and belongs to god, as a determination of his nature, his properties and their expressions.
as a concept of quality and substance.
in application to the essence or the persons of the trinity: untazs hear nu aughidom uuir dhazs gheistliihhe chiruni dhera himiliscun chiburdi in Christe endi dhera gotliihhun dhrinissa (diuine trinitatis) baununga Isidor 21, 21 H .; umbi dhazs selba quhad auh in Jobes boohhum: 'spahida dhes gotliihhin fater huuanan findis?' (hinc est et illud in libro Job: 'sapientiam dei patris unde inuenies?') ibid 2, 14; and therefore the father poured himself out at the departure of the divine persons Taulerpred. 8 V .; thirdly, I believe in the holy spirit, who is a warrior god with father and son and eternally competent from father and son, but a different person within a divine being and nature Luther 26, 505 W .; the doctrine of the three divine persons Schererlitteraturgesch. ⁷33. in poetic substantivation for god himself:
your promises, more divine, do not!
Klopstockoden 1, 127 M.-P.
especially as an attribute of Christ, especially in the context of the christological doctrine of two natures: (I) gloubo daz diu sîn gotelicha natura together were the menisclichun in the magidlichun wamba (12th century) Bamberger believe and confession in: kl. ahd. Sprachdenkm. 136 stone masonry; that the Himel father gives birth to his native sun in a divine essence Taulerpred. 7 V .; And I should remain a bad Christ who was no longer a divine and human person at the same time than in a single place Luther 26, 333 W .; after seeing the divine child Schererlitteraturgesch. ⁷49. occasionally the divine son for the son of god: that Adam s. (i.e. sin) in paradise with the x of the divine son has been paid for Abr. a see Claraw. 2, 9 Strigl; KlopstockMessias (1780) 1. substantiated:
heal me, that my eye saw you (Christ), you more divine!
Klopstocks. w. (1854) 1, 120; see 121;
J. H. Vosss. ged. (1802) 1, 45. adverbial:
(1120-30) monuments 1, 106 Müllenhoff-Scherer;
it may be said that the Christian religion, once it has appeared, cannot disappear again, since it has once been embodied as divine, it cannot be dissolved again. Göthe I 24, 244 W.
in the designation of certain higher beings within the framework of Christian hierarchy:
and (as she) by the divine (Mary), who would be otherwise
so many prayers heard, so many miracles
performed, swore to me
Schiller 14, 55 G .; saint george at the head of a legion of white armor divine rider BindingAngelucia (1937) 58.
paraphrase for god himself in connection with certain abstracts from area b:
to praise divine mayestat,
who has organized everything
Hans Sachs 1, 81 lit. ver .;
If this punishment ... was determined by the law for the majestic criminals, how much more must it affect those who offend the divine majesty of Rankes. w. (1867) 8, 130; derogestalt the divine providence her secret prophecies ... wanted to decipher LohensteinIbrahim Sultan (1701) applies a 4ᵇ; divine providence leaves something bad about O. Ludwigges from time to time. schr. (1891) 2, 53.
in biblical-christian transference to the essence of man as a participant in the nature and essence of god: got so ir erist mannan chifrumida with dhem hohistom salidhom odagan endi with scuonin dhera gotliihhun chiliihnissa chieredan (diuine imaginis decore honoratum) H Isidor 28, 19 .; if we are of divine sex (γένος οὖν ὑπάρχοντες τοῦ θεοῦ) apostles. 17, 29; everyone, even the most vicious, has the stamp of the divine likeness imprinted on them Schiller 2, 11 G. also in a special sense restricted to certain people: in this inn the sele alzemole gotvar, gotlich, gottig Taulerpred. 146 V .; see 10; the jr through the same becomes part of the divine nature, so jr flees the past lust of the world (ἵνα διὰ τούτων γένησθε θείας κοινωνοὶ φύσεως) 2. Petr. 1, 4; Certainly it was men of divine nature who first taught this (to proceed gently against guilty parties) Göthe I 24, 66 W.
namely in the representation of the gen. subj. or poss. god, as 'belonging to god, grounded in god's being', in the foreground. still with a certain restraint, then in the entire breadth of the application proven under god I C 1, even if not with the same formative force.
in the designation of properties and traits attributed to god: igitur si possemus habere iuditium diuinę mentis uti sumus participes rationis ube uuir the koteliches sense chiesunga have mahtin also uuir redohafte birn Notker 1, 346, 4 p .;
the shine blinds the sun
Konrad v. Würzburg gold forge 1270 Schr .;
but the steadfast sanctuary of ours, namely, the throne of divine honor, has remained steadfast at all times Jer. 17, 12; I see it as a work which only divine omnipotence, only divine omniscience can carry out Schiller 1, 13 G. in the connection divine truth as a calling formula (differently see 3 d α): I then with the divine truth do not say anything white Götz v. Berlichingen life restrictions 93 Bieling and with the meaning of mere reinforcement, which is otherwise not usual for divine, see under D 2 and god I H 1: is a divine truth (that a Countess Henneberg was born in a child's bed 364 children), not to two rooms. chron. ²4, 4 barracks.
in the determination of dynamic expressions and modes of action of god:
do the mighty got sin werch het uerendot
with clean hands to allerslahte wandil
in gothic births, wall si uil were good
do the human being beroͮbet sin the same in right worer serenity and versincket in the grunt of the divine will Taulerpred. 108 V .; if, for divine will, after a few thunderstorms or rainy weather should occur (1655) beiSchmollerStraszburger tucherzunft (1879) 314;
'you call knights: what is there?
hâstu not gothic strength,
so tell me who gît knighthood? '
Wolfram v. EschenbachParzival 123, 5;
accordingly through gothic craft and makes ... the goods light and shine divine sunshine and dawn everywhere with power ufpricht (1525) d. German peasant war, files. 199 Franz; then you (I pay attention to divine sending and providence) found Huttenopera 1, 448 Böcking; don't we prefer to say: 'by divine sending (instead of' divinitus ')?' the publicum understands it better Rodenbergan C. F. Meyer in: br. 177 long m .; that you always have the divine presence in front of your eyes in all your ... trade and change Grimmelshausen 4, 505 Keller; So it is contrary to the wisdom of god to reveal oneself in this way, and it is not possible for us to commemorate such ... divine revelation Lessing 12, 321 L.-M .; since he received a divine request (χρηματισθείς) Ebr. 11, 7; after for divine good in our lordship ... a berckhwergk ... ereuget (1540) Loribair. mountain (1764) 242; carried by the omnipresence of divine love Göthe I 25, 235 W .; I want to see whether I will bring it to the end with divine help instead of you ... Kirchhofwendunmuth 2, 394 A .; In the hope of immediate divine help Göthe I 23, 170 W. especially divine grace, but more in the general Christian than in the special dogmatic-theological sense:
had escorted to daz magedin,
live d. St. Elisabeth 984 R .;
Christian Catholic subjects have to diligently keep sunday and fire days at the request of divine grace and blessings from the sea (18th century) austrian states. 3, 362; And everyone is singing: songs in which salvation is praised, psalms of liberation, invocations to divine grace and to savior A. Zweigeinsetzg. e. Königs (1950) 205. related to hostile behavior of god: iustitiae (dei) ce gotlihumu judteile (2. Makk. 8, 13) (9th century) ahd. gl. 1, 296, 49 St.-S .; therefore be divine anger and vengeance ... fear (before 1572) Tschudichron. Helvet. (1734) 1.6; the protestants recognized the event as a visible divine judgment of Ranke. w. (1867) 8, 139. in connection with certain relational words, the moment of meaning 'originating from god, wrought by god' is added more clearly: some (religion) boast of divine intuition, faces and dreams, others also Lessing 12, 320 L.-M .; it has been given by one ... NicolaiSeb as a visible proof of the real divine inspiration of this book. Nothanker (1773) 1, 10. here by name alongside those who are capable of reification: through the same (i.e. holy spirit) as a living, eternal, divine gift Luther 26, 505 W .; on the other hand, the hunter was given the divine gift (the language) ... completely between the lips and front teeth. Immermann 1, 152 Hempel; whom one once ... under the piecemeal consideration of divine benefits ... should also thank god for that ... Lessing 8, 9 L.-M.
In the case of the preceding possessive pronoun, a kind of qualification becomes perceptible in contrast to the closely related use b, in addition to the point of view of mere belonging; mainly in older use:
he (god) gave deme sigehafteme degene (Jacob)
and a name uil hêr:
German Ded. d. 11.-12. jhs. 28, 16 diemers;
after all of his divine powers (what serves for life and divine change) vns is given (τὰ πάντα ... τῆς θείας δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ) 2. Petr. 1, 3; sin divine will be done (before 1572) Tschudichron. Helvet. (1734) 1,263; the almechtig wanted to lend his gothic grace and reason (1521) v. d. Planitz reports 35 Wülcker. in christian death formula: god almighty e. e. love ... marriage maiden ... taken to his divine grace K. Scheitheimfahrt 3 Strauch; Room. chron. 23, 76 Barack. in the context of anthropomorphic ideas:
that of all lives is irrelevant
(Gottfried v. Straszburgs) lobgesang 2, 28;
you delight in with joy ietz
in front of your divine face
Hans Sachs 18, 98 lit. ver .;
for god created us in his own image and gave us his divine odem G. Kellerges. w. (1889) 4, 248. gladly applied to Christ: specie tua et pulchritudine tua daz duo with dinemo menniscinen form unde with dinero gotelichun sconi (said by Christ) Notker 2, 169, 6 P. (ps. 44, 5); see 95, 14 (ps. 29, 13); Jesus ... verlyh vns his divine blessing manuale curatorum (1516) 59ᵃ;
trewer heyland Jesus Christ, ...
send your divine grace to us
Mittlerdt. folk songs (1865) 761.
under the assumption of the use of b, occasionally also in adverbial relation to verbs, as much as 'in the way God belongs to him':
alsus (through an astrological prophecy) is glad Elizabeth
den invited sunder all wan
also godeliche kunt gedan
live d. St. Elisabeth 306 R .;
(God) who also thought over everything so wonderfully and divinely in the human body and in the powers of the human soul Herder 13, 7 p.
less often instead of the gen. obj., corresponding to god I D 1 in connections that describe a human behavior towards god. who in mhd. and älternhd. Some common usage occasionally resonates in the young language. especially in tight bonds:
di pure (Elisabeth) what iesa to stunt
by godelicher minne wunt
live d. St. Elisabeth 962 R .;
Tauler Pred. 192 V .; the ordenszman said: divine love is dot in disem dorff, I have not been given any almusen Paulischimpf u. Ernst 279 Ö .; These ways flúhet the divine intended, tub sú is a beginning of the Taulerpred wisdom. 106 V .; divine research is ... bey vns extinguished Berthold v. Chiemseeteutsche theol. 2 rows;
the divine praise is spent there,
Mary the Jungfrawen also thought
Room. chron. ²1, 299 Barack;
item of the morning synt wyr (the pilgrims) gone zo dem bergh Syon, dan geschach eyn herlyche getlyche dyenst (1492) at Röhricht pilgrimages (1880) 257; that she continues to imitate God as much as she can, and that G. Arnoldd becomes worthy of divine knowledge. first love (1722) 142ᵃ. younger in occasional cases that would have to be resolved prepositionally: anyone who vacillates between divine and human love cannot remain king in the grail (1823) Lachmann in: briefw. 1, 396 Leitzm.
as 'coming from God' or 'relating to God', often difficult to separate and from both points of view at the same time, tending towards complex usage; of certain forms of appearance, modes of revelation and manifestations of God as objective facts. also here mainly in the representation of the genitive, z. t. in accordance with the usage of god I E 3.
in terminologically fixed connections, which are primarily based on the idea of ​​the origin from god.
the divine spirit is thought to be detachable from its bearer:
the mild godlike spirit
what in im (Stephanus) with full poison,
as the scriptures tell us of im
He probably meant that the divine spirit was not limited to Palestine, and that Plato also drank from the divine born of Rankes. w. (1867) 3, 42.
the divine word, older also divine word for the word of god in its various nuances of meaning (see ↗word I C, part 14, 2, sp. 1492ff. and god I E 3 a δ), even if less frequently used. mostly from the message of god laid down in the bible and from the bible itself, especially insofar as it is the subject of the christian proclamation: so then from uch reading in a painted school, also divinely speaking in the cantzel, many articles sweet art ... vss-flowed Rieder rhetoric (1493) a 2ᵃ;
that they (the princes) wanted to go to this place,
listen to the divine word,
from one who is
your beliefs and religion
(i.e. from a Protestant, not a Catholic)
Sandrubkurzweil 55 ndr .;
as which, next to the divine word ... the best refreshment is enough for ButschkyPathmos (1677). ) :( 3ᵇ; the deeper I penetrated the spirit of the divine word, the clearer it became to me: the epitome of his wisdom is the dear M. v. Ebner-Eschenbachges. Schr. (1893) 2, 76. in a narrower sense the message Christ, the gospel: after the divine word ... has been obeyed by Christ our heyland, his apostles, I shall proclaim it all over the world by the princely Wirtemberg newe landsordn. (1536) A 2ᵇ. As well as: Marcus ... a sun peter of the 12th botin in the baptism and also an iunger in the divine speech first German bible 1, 117 lit. ver. concise for the concern of the reformation: the erection and planting in divine words to Freibergk Lutherbr. 8, 126 W . seldom from a single word of god: so the keys are nothing different, because a divine command or the divine word Luther 30, 2 W .; 456. in the same meaning: if nu eyn priest diszem divine saying (1. Tim. 3 , 2) wolt follow Luther 10, 2, 151 W.
(the) divine scripture for the bible, up to the 17th, occasionally into the 18th century. in addition to the more common terms (the) holy scriptures, the scriptures. in advance rare: goteliche scrifte divinę scripturęNotker 2, 415, 20 gl. P. (ps. 99, 3); brother Albrecht, who was ain high master of the divine scripture and what before ze Regenspurg was bishop (if not in the sense of 'theology' to unt. d α) Austrian chron. v. d. 95 rulers 129, 23 Seem .; what the divine scriptures nitt is keyn nott, for artickell des glawbens tzuhabn Luther 10, 1, 1, 564 W .; a moral proposition, which one wants to make appealing through a chain of evidence, and through the testimonies of famous men, or even the divine scriptures. w. (1777) 2, 25. often as holy divine scripture: the holy and divine scripture, the bible Nazareiv. old and new god 58 ndr .; The holy divine writings, the teaching of the holy prophets and apostles, can be found with them (the Turks) in Arabic Schweiggerreyszbeschr. (1619) 179. isolated for a certain part of the old testament, the hagiographa of the vulgata: 22 books of the old ee: that is v. Moysi, eight of the prophets and ix. the divine writing first German bible 5, 5 lit. ver. next to it less firmly: here, from the epistle of the holy priest sant Jheronimi zu Paulinum, of all divine books of hystori (varr. OOa: from the books of divine hystori) first German. bible 3, 462 lit. ver .; So there will be a circle in the proof if the divine books should determine the true church through their testimony and the church should determine the true divine books through their unmistakable testimony. moral theol. 1 (1772) 572.
the divine law, command. rarely aiming at individual commandments: written steet, violation of divine law does not remain broken Berthold v. Chiemseeteutsche theol. 5 R. mostly summarizing for the will of god objectified in the sum of the commandments, plural rarer than singular: the sin is a transgression of the divine law Albrecht v. Eybspiegel d. manners (1511) A 2ᵃ; so that they (the soldiers) may want to be mindful of the divine commandments Abr. a see Claraw. 2, 190 Strigl; all deadly sins, especially public ones, and other things contrary to divine law M. I. Schmidtgesch. d. Germans (1778) 4, 133. especially the Mosaic law: as it was ... according to the holy divine law 2. Makk. 6, 23. also in the legal linguistic sense of ε: as law in mogelich vnde bilchen is still common to all gothic natural laws (1430) at Haltausgloss. 737; see Lutherbr. 8, 517 W.
especially pronounced the divine right d. i. the natural in contrast to the positive law, see god's law under god IE a θ ββ and god's law 3, in older technical usage, cf. already: but the own interest, as inheritance and manlehn, should not include inheritance, but as a divine and lawful interest, excluded are (de iure diuino et humano concessus) (approx. 1322) at Haltausgloss. 737; Now the present (against the unchristian authority) is a piece of the same natural and divine right Lutherbr. 8, 517 W .; see w.18, 301; 303; when ainem is spoken to of his faithfulness and honor, but with defamatory words, ... so he should clage and set his clag in three days, then be protected and shielded by the divine right (1671) Austrian points. 1, 94, 33. in an express delimitation: not only against the papal and imperial, but also the divine and of course right (1462) at Haltausgloss. 737; you (the pope) have ... si (the bishops) with ... sharp insults against divine and human rights ... oppressed (before 1572) Tschudichron. Helvet. (1734) 1, 25. historically referring: (the Saxons were supposed to) pay no tribute to the emperor out of human right, but out of divine right to pay the bishops their toes. see 16, 146; Rankes. w. (1867) 9, 8. Occasionally identical with spiritual law: canon spiritual, spiritual law (15th century, 1515), Gothic law (15th century md .; early 15th century obd.) Diefenbachgl. 95ᶜ. but also differentiated from it: jus divinum the divine right, jus sacrum the spiritual right nomencl. lat.-germ. (1634) 514; how the greilich and abhorrent loosers of the redeemer of God, cursing and swearing ... as well as in divine, spiritual and worldly rights ... ridiculed (17th century) austrian. 1, 132, 6. Most likely this legal usage is followed by an independent divine 'just, cheap', which in the formulas of the 15th and 16th centuries. encountered: that we are willing to change, as we are concerned with the divine and bilious sye (1467) switzerland. id. 2, 523; so now is right, fair and divine, where eyner is restituted and set up with god and right (1510) at Haltausgloss. 737. Incidentally, the demarcation against part 4, 1, 1, sp. 1491 s. V. gätlich 2 c, d dealt with divine, Gothic difficult, the evidence of which there is perhaps z. t. but belong here.
and otherwise of foundations and regulations, also here with a tendency to firm use: that he put the czwey ungen people toͦ the divine ee and give het Arigodecameron 101 lit. ver .; 659; that baptism on your own is a divine order Luther 26, 506 W .; see 505; not only against the divine order in nature, but also against healthy reason Göchhausennotab. venatoris (1741) 71. young in connection with the divine world order: moreover, my mother believed that if I owned a Sunday dress I would rather live in connection with the divine world order G. Kellerges. w. (1889) 2, 125; H. Mannd. subject (1949) 241.
as 'god-made, god-donated, god-given, god-willed' in the truest sense and in various factual relationships: aefter dhiu dhazs almahtiga gotes chiruni dhera gotliihhun Christes chiburdi chimarit uuard (Christi diuinę natiuitatis mysterium) Isidor 4, 5 H .; divine birth or divine berhaftikeit (early 15th century obd.) Diefenbachnov. gl. 190ᵇ (see v. generare); number me to zcu langin after keyne address dorane zcu habin, it happened from gotlichenn adir tolichem angelle (1479) beiHaltausgloss. 736; take the so-called divine, first language, the Hebrew, from which most of the world inherited the letters Herder 5, 13 S. u. What was part of it, ... to recognize suffering and death as divine, yes, sin itself and crimes not as obstacles, but as promotions of the holy to venerate (as it happens in the Christian religion) Göthe I 24, 243 W. in a negative context :
the year (= time) has a sanctifying power,
what is gray for age is divine to him (the 'eternally yesterday')
rarely next to a personal reference word, in the sense of 'God sent':
the divine legate compt, speaks
Hans Sachs 6, 143 lit. ver .;
a poet who would be a hero at the same time is already a divine messenger, but our poetry is no match for his portrayal Novalisschr. 4, 172 minor.
others, e.g. t. Fixed connections are based more on the general idea 'what has to do with god, what relates to god', which is then differently nuanced.
as much as 'god related', insofar as god is content and subject, in connections that also represent a gen. obj. can be grasped, especially in fixed forms of older language. the divine art of 'knowing, the science of god, theology':
zuo the school was escorted
and had in sîner kintheit
receive sheer reason
in addition he of divine art
Konrad v. WürzburgAlexius 134 G .;
after the mess ... preaching god ain master of divine art Ulrich v. Richentalchron. d. Constanzer concils 83 lit. ver .; theologia a gothic art brackish vocab. rer. (1491) 33ᵇ. synonymous (see the evidence from Austrian chron. ob. a γ), but apparently hardly in lively usage: theologica gotlichi (14th century), Gothic script (15th century md., early 15th century. obd.) Diefenbachgl. 578ᵇ; theologia the divine doctrine ... philosophia the secular doctrine Orsäusnomencl. meth. (1623) 1; divine wisdom theologiaStielerstammb. (1691) 687. in the distinction between theological and secular disciplines: it is clear that one learns all divine and human arts in high schools Luther 8, 558 W .; a capable knowledge, in which the divine and worldly wisdom can be expressed with emphasis Neukirchanfangs reasons (1724) 2. divine truth 'the truth about God, the truth lying in Christian teaching' (differently see above 1 b α): vnd with solichen vnd the equal resistance they want to reject the pious Teütschen of divine truth Eberlin v. Gunzburgs. schr. 1, 84 ndr .;
vnd (the philosophers) were now from heydenthumb
converted to christian faith frumb,
mixed vnder the divine whiteness
ir vain philosophical stupidity
Fish species. tight. 2, 341 short;
So the divine truths must have such a connection with one another, which is evident from their concepts, like the other Chr. Wolffvern. ged. v. d. forces d. human mind ⁴190. also related specifically to the doctrine of the Reformation, see v. truth II 6 c, part 13, sp. 878f .: some years ago a pious preacher in Bohemia was put in prison for divine truth's sake J. Praetoriusglückstopf (1669) vorr. 4. here in the sense of 'directed towards god, related': the third divine virtues, i.e. vowe, zuͦversiht and minne Taulerpred. 96 V ,; cf. 106. also in more occasional combinations, in order to express that a thing has God as its object; until young use:
ez bring you two hands early
daz the truth is reaped with
of divine mæren says
Konrad v. Würzburg New Year's Eve 3; see 11; 97;
since jr received the word of divine preaching from vns, namet jrs auff (λόγος ἀκοῆς παῤ ἡμῶν τοῦ θεοῦ) 1. Thess. 2, 13;
now the poet's spirit swells to divine chants,
Lascivious flow, oh lord, from a higher feeling, ...
praise the evening and the evening creator
especially in the old connection of divine things, which continues to this day, next to which the synonymous formulas divine things, business, trade are used; consistently within the framework of the contrast to the worldly, earthly sphere (see below ↗D 1). in general for that which concerns God and religion, especially if it is the subject of human search and knowledge: diuina excedunt humanam rations, intellectu enim capiuntur tiu gotelichin ding uuerdent keistlicho uernomen ane disa masterskaft Notker 1, 620, 3 P .; (singular) 284, 9; 356, 7; Because instead of looking at divine and heavenly things, I let the desire to look at the world dominate GrimmelshausenSimpl. 37 Scholte; the thought of appearing to the world as foolish and thereby immersing oneself in god and divine things even more and practicing, was his constant endeavor (of St. Philipp Neri) Göthe I, 32, 193 W .; because she had a warm religious feeling, but she was far too curious and indiscreet about divine things G. Kellerges. w. (1889) 5, 285. occasionally like divine art, teaching under α: theologia gotlick handel of spraick Diefenbachgl. 578ᵇ. downright 'questions of religion, things of faith': I have heard like you (the Jew Melchizedek) in divine business a wise and know one is Arigodecameron 33 Keller; except for and without the word in divine matters and the belief compt otherwise nothing, because Petrid. German weiszh. (1605) A 3ᵇ; D 5ᵇ; D 7ᵃ u. Ö .; then he soon notices something fluctuating in our way of thinking with regard to the divine things. The religious expressions had become trivial to us Göthe I 25, 1, 239 W. Besides, more from the point of view of practical or edifying piety:
nvͦ does me a quiet
for the sake of a good song,
so I want a godlike thing
make a uil suze speech
Trier New Year's Eve 3 Kraus.
close to the meaning of 'pious' (see below 5 b): we will then seriously seek the reych of god ... but it will be seriously stopped in such gothic trade ... (1527) at Fischerschwäb. 3, 773;
until he (the person) with all might,
to divine business ...
longs for her (bliss) alone
Cramers. ged. (1781) 1, 177.
different with the meaning of 'godly, god appropriate and appropriate'. in different factual relationships, older and younger: that is talked about furiously, wilche seer a divine friendly language is Luther 24, 366 W .; (we) take the same (articles) before divine, christian and right to Lutherbr. 8, 5 W .; but such is not our (christian) god according to the main character (a thunderous); And such an artistic conception is not divine Herder 3, 254 S. capable of increasing: you hold the gospel as it stands for the most divine truth (1782) Göthe IV 6, 36 W. the connections between divine religion and the synonymous divine teaching (different if. α) close the point of view 'coming from god, god-donated' (s.whether. a, b) a: that the religion which Jesus taught is really a divine one and the only one, according to whose laws we should respect God properly Lessing 7, 3 L.-M .; 'Oh, where has that golden time gone when my young Wieland wrote the preliminary report to our common chants and added the words: one has to attribute it primarily to our divine religion if we are a little more than Homere in the moral quality of our poems?' G. Kellerges. w. (1889) 6, 184; for a doctrine must be divine for which one can die so joyfully Schiller 7, 11 G .; see 4, 35.
Occasionally, to put it another way, the moment of meaning 'god-containing' emerges, which also appears in incremental forms:
gloriously beautiful nature! ...
yes, the divine itself, there, in it, to see the divinity itself
Brockesird. pleasure (1748) 8, 4;
Herder 5, 50 p .;
search for him, the most divine thought,
that you can think
who you always dig closer to the body,
but you are forever (the soul)
Klopstockoden 1, 129 M.-P .;
Ric. Huchherbstfeuer (1947) 34; to me is the parable of the unjust steward, of the lousy son, of the seaman, of the pearl, of the penny ppp. more divine (if something divine is supposed to be there) than the seven bishops candlesticks, horns, seals, stars and woe (of the revelation of John) Göthe IV 4, 112 W.
like divinus within its wide-ranging meaning, divine can also abandon the direct reference to god in order to instead designate the area of ​​the church, the area of ​​ritual-sacred and religious practice. However, this turn points in this direction, insofar as it aims at the practical thing, in German only slight impact force (see, on the other hand, under 5) and remains as early as the 16th century. stuck. Approaches to terminological consolidation are hardly recognizable: nihein Heilic thing noh christinlich noh gotelich I have so gêret, so I believe with Rehte Scolta Bamberger and confess in: kl. ahd. Sprachdenkm. 143 stone masonry; interdictum prohibition of divine things (md. 1440) Diefenbachgl. 303ᶜ; you want to know the divine sacrament and the way to get into the heaven Niclas v. Wyletranslat. 98 basement; it is also supposed to ... on that sunday ... in front of the gothic aembers not ... hunt (16th century) near Fischerschwäb. 3, 773; so that everyone doesn’t bring his own arrogance and pride in the divine beethausz herfürzie teutscher nation nodturfft (1523) A 3ᵃ. here the mhd. gotlîcher ruom 'ecclesiastical pomp, ecclesiastical procession':
sî (d. Roman citizen) fuoren against im (Pope Gregorius) sâ
Hartmann v. Aue Gregorius 3767;
Konrad v. WürzburgAlexius 1353 G .; passional 44, 74 K .; in addition Gottfried v. Straszburg Tristan 1965 R.
The use, which is rooted in 4, but is personal and inward and thus entirely directed towards the human being, proves to be stronger and more lasting in its effect, which leads to the meaning 'pious, godly, godly, godly', with which words divine compete seriously for a while can. divine takes on a function that engl. godly since the 16th century and dan. gudelig, swedish. gudleg by disclosing its other meanings, see M. Cahenl'adjectif divin 92; 104ff. The ahd., in the mhd., here especially mystical, the usage becomes common and remains so until the 16th century, then it quickly subsides. the factually closely related recent application C 1 a probably arises from a new, differently determined approach.
of certain inner attitudes and expressions of personal piety, 'devout' or 'godly':
ir andaht diu what gotelich
Gottfried v. Straszburg Tristan 15 655 R .;
(he does not tell his son) otherwise and then learns holy divine prayers Arigodecameron 243 Keller; devout, godlike deuoto Brennersprachbuch 39, 27; for divine sadness causes bliss a rewe that no one rewet, but the sadness of the world causes death (ἡ γὰρ καιὰ θεὸν λύπη) 2nd Cor. 7, 10. probably still in this tradition:
with divine serenity
G. Arnolds. spiritual songs (1856) no. 141 Ehmann.
probably also here: keyser Karl gotlicher geduchtenüsz (godly remembrance) (Nuremberg 1440) städtechron. 3, 376.
more objective, more related to the practical behavior of the believer as a whole and in detail, 'holy, pleasing to God':
also bezide iz (i.e. St. Elisabeth) ane vinc
a life of iz itself begins
according to godelicher e (manner)
live d. St. Elisabeth 705 Rieger; 7234;
ir (the pious) serene, ir do, ir wise is zuͦmole godly Taulerpred. 102 V .; that means to celebrate the right sabath, rugen from our work and full of gothic work Luther 8, 25 W .; Christ forbids the difficult and yet can be divinely done, ibid 19, 212; if now a fool stands up and learns that a schmid does not have a divine handicraft, who can do the certain yrre and weakens yhm seynen glawben (1522) ibid 10, 1, 2, 78. divine life in a fixed formula: the things of us Necessity is at least one divine living Tauler Pred. 75 V .; see 80; 102 and others; how he (the monk) leads a strict and divine life Arigodecameron 258 Keller; 73; Noah was a from man and walk, and gave a divine life in his time Genesis 6: 9; 5, 24; Those who die and wither are not to be considered evil who previously led a divine life with Lehmanfloril. polit. (1662) 3, 335.
often adverbial, especially in the corresponding to b: there shows si in daz she goteliche lived hant alse si, unde da umbe gotis riche worth sint Lucidarius 69, 36 Heidlauf; and the münch sein von Chriechen ... and eat chain fleysch and live divinely and vasten all way Schiltberger travel book 70, 21 lit. ver .; But if a widow has children or nephews, they learn to govern their own homes divinely (τὸν ἴδιον οἶκον εὐσεβεῖν) 1. Tim. 5, 4; give me poor children a godly man ... with whom I divine ... may live in marriage Luther 17, 1, 19 W .; see 10, 3, 407; 32, 443. still here, if not on C 1 a:
but the wrath (of god) exhausted before a righteous (Noah) lay down,
which he guides with his hand to the new shore;
that he lives there more divinely
even in the predicative connections something is divine and it is divine to do something: they speak, our priests sin fatally, that they let the part shear off; it is not divine, they do it to women to ainem after all Schiltberger travel book 49, 37 lit. ver .; if love should now go into (to) god of wholehearted heart, then all disgracefulness of god must depart from the soul, and what is not divine, the musz, so that the soul may be pure Paracelsusopera 2, 434 houses. Can be increased: Gothic whoever wants to hear such fultag abthon and ... the word of god (1527) at Fischerschwäb. 3, 773. formally coupled with related terms from the moral and legal field:
in addition it would be right and gotelich
Ottokarösterr. rhyming. 23,794 Seem .;
Is it then cheap, divine and right, an inn full, great, drunkard white, no-fault things beat Montanusschwankb. 40 lit. ver.
as a personal epithet on the whole less often, as much as 'pious, holy'.
in general, see already in Notkers Boëthius: est alius cunctis uirtutibus absolutus sanctusque ac deo proximus ... so is etelicher allero tugede foller, holy ioh kotelicher 1, 285, 20 p .;
iezu di godelichen man (pilgrim)
live d. St. Elisabeth 4605 Rieger; see 8071;
a good and holy divine human being (he) of yederman held what Arigodecameron 55 lit. ver. as a designation of extraordinary piety even more recent: that these so-called little prophets were also ... true prophets, is undeniable: in that such a thing is sufficient by the frequent citation of their writings both by divine men in general and especially by Christ himself in the nt confirmed is Chr. Starkesynopsis in XII prophetas minores (²1760) vorr. 1;
now the divine man (Nicodemus) thought full of thoughts of awe
of holy night, when alone with him the Messiah
Klopstocks. w. (1854) 1, 119; see 123.
in special naming of the monks and nuns, apparently not from the 15th century. in addition and later in the same connections by pious, holy replaced: divineu frouwan (nuns) (1306) at Lexer 1, 1054; si and other poor and godly sisters (1348) at Fischerschwäb. 3, 773; but about the (monk orders) alle there is a noble, delicious, well-furnished karthaus with divine cousins ​​(Nuremberg 2nd half of the 15th century) städtechron. 3, 75.
In occasional, mutually independent applications, divinely expresses, especially in shortened terms, a completely free relationship to god: the (the inclusion of Matthias in the number of the 'twelve') do chess with beds of the XII bot and with divine loose (= loose ) first German Bible 1, 194 lit. ver. (pref. to Luc.); In the inn, when all the guests are united, the 'divine dance' begins, the bridal leader dances with the bride 3 times around the circle, with the music and the dance 3 times in memory of St. trinity is interrupted A. John custom, custom and folk gl. in the German West Bohemia (1905) 146. dialect: allᵉ divine dayᵉ 'every day that god gives' Fischerschwäb. 3, 773; iᶜʰ dank-eᶜʰ divine = in God's name, thanks formula of the beggar switzerland. id. 2, 523.
in which since the 16th century The use of divine differs less than under A.
as a species and generic term.
as the predicate that characterizes certain gods and is due to them:
the image of the divine Zytehren (Venus)
discolored on the altar (of the temple)
Stieler-armored Venus 58 AD;
a man who deals day and night with the divine muses to heat a tailor? this is unbearable! Lessing 3, 218 L.-M .; In the rīgsþula of the edda ... Mōđir places thin white bread made of wheat flour for the divine guest on a white table ... in front of Hoops forest trees and cultivated plants. (1905) 631. treated in the mhd. Occasionally as a property concept that can be improved:
dâ bî kan with violence
the wazzer krfteclîchen sus,
Rudolf v. EmsBarlaam 246, 28.
related to physical characteristics of the gods:
his (Jupiters) divine head and yellow hair
Explosive Iliad (1610) 11ᵇ; see Aeneid 1ᵃ;
Jupiter lowers the divine forehead, and Juno raises it
in addition to cosmic sizes, which are intended as deities:
meanwhile the divine sun was already rising towards the hot midday
WielandHermann 38 lit.-denkm.
within mythologizing personification: the divine freedom, from my beloved she borrowed the figure Göthe I 8, 304 W.; Rückert