How can bradypnea be prevented

Pneumonia prophylaxis


We cannot live without breathing. The oxygen that we breathe is the basis of all vital processes in the body. We then exhale an end product of metabolism, carbon dioxide.

Our cardiovascular system and breathing form a functional unit for supplying oxygen; this is how we breathe faster when the heart beats faster.

Breathing is very closely related to our attitude towards life. Breathing deeply has a calming and concentration-promoting effect, a sigh can even have a liberating effect. Our colloquial language expresses many contexts: e.g. "breathtakingly beautiful", "I'm breathless" or "hold your breath". Breathing disorders can lead to shortness of breath and trigger feelings of oppression and anxiety up to fear of death.

Fresh air in the room (without drafts) with a humidity of approx. 50-60% is important for people, and especially for a sick person. The normal breathing process is noiseless and takes place without effort, alternating between inhalation, exhalation and pause. When you inhale, the chest increases by raising the ribs and lowering (flattening) the diaphragm. Exhalation occurs by reducing the size of the chest cavity, thereby forcing air out of the lungs. The lowering of the ribs is done by gravity, the diaphragm rises higher when you relax.

The following parameters can be observed during breathing

Breath rate: means the number of breaths per minute. In an adult, the number of breaths per minute is 16-20. A breath consists of inhalation and exhalation. Since breathing can be influenced at will, the raising and lowering of the chest should be as inconspicuous as possible. For example, you can do this while pretending to feel the pulse.

Slowing breathing is known as bradypnea and is normal during sleep. However, sleeping pills, brain disease, and poisoning can also lead to it.

Faster breathing is called tachhypnea and is normal after physical exertion and when you are afraid or excited. In the case of fever, heart and lung diseases and anemia (anemia), an increased respiratory rate can also occur.

Breath odoris usually dependent on oral hygiene. Bad and / or diseased breath odors occur, for example, with poor oral hygiene, with tooth decay, with long periods of abstinence from food, with purulent diseases of the lungs and other diseases.

Breath soundsoccur when mucus, swelling, or foreign bodies obstruct or narrow the airways. Then we hear whistling, rattling, rattling, panting or panting noises.

TheBreathing rhythmand the depth of breath can also change. Superficial and accelerated breathing occurs as a pain reaction in the case of pneumonia or broken ribs.

Deep breathing is the term used for very deep and few breaths. Breathing may stop temporarily, gasping for air or shortness of breath can be observed. A person with shortness of breath is short of breath, is hungry for air and has anxiety; he sits upright with his arms propped up, gasping for breath. Special positions make breathing easier. The following sketches show a position to relieve breathing during an asthma attack.

The asthmatic has difficulty breathing out air. In the long run, this leads to shortness of breath, as the space for inhaled air becomes narrow. Elevation of the upper body makes breathing easier.

Theto coughis a normal defense mechanism, a protective reflex in which mucus or foreign bodies are transported to the outside. Small, normal amounts of mucus are removed by clearing your throat. Psychological excitement (coughing when excited) and dry air can also lead to coughing. A strong cough can be perceived as very uncomfortable to painful by the person concerned and cause shortness of breath.

We differentiate between a dry cough and a productive cough. The dry cough can occur through stimuli such as smoke or through swallowing, with the onset of bronchitis or laryngeal diseases. If sputum is emptied while coughing, one speaks of productive cough. The expectoration (sputum) is slimy and translucent in mild infections, in whooping cough it is tough. In asthma, the sputum is tough, stringy, and glassy; purulent, yellowish or greenish to brownish discoloration with inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and lung tissue. We find morning coughs in smokers and in chronic bronchitis.

Cough occurs continuouslyInflammation of the airwayson. Coughing can also occur with hypersensitivity or allergies. The lung tissue itself has no pain receptors. Pain is therefore always a signal that should be carefully observed. The doctor should be informed of any non-transient changes in breathing. With pleurisy, they can be stinging and breath-dependent.

Pain behind the chestcan indicate a lack of oxygen in the heart.

Danger!Precise observation is therefore important from the following point of view

  • Where does the pain occur, duration (seconds, minutes, days)
  • Intensity of pain and the type (pulling, piercing, stabbing)

Pneumonia, also known as pneumonia, is an inflammation of the lung tissue, usually with an infectious cause. In the case of immobile patients, superficial breathing leads to insufficient ventilation of deep-lying areas of the lungs. Mucus and secretions form a good breeding ground for pathogens and thus promote an infection of the tissue. If mucus, vomit, or food gets into the lungs by swallowing, pneumonia can also occur.

Old people are often at risk, circulatory patients with pulmonary congestion are also at risk. Signs of a lung disease can be: feeling sick, shallow, rattling breathing, accelerated breathing, difficult breathing (the nostrils vibrate), purulent-yellow or reddish-brown sputum, increase in pulse, rise in temperature up to Chills, possibly pain. Even with slight signs, there may already be severe pneumonia. If pneumonia is suspected, the doctor should be notified immediately.

The following preventive measures serve to avoid pneumonia


  • The room should always be well ventilated and tempered, the room air not too dry.
  • Elevating the upper body makes it easier to cough up. However, care must be taken that the patient does not slide to the end of the foot, as this would compress the upper body and make breathing difficult. A wooden box, a thick pillow or a footrest prevent this. In addition, the arms can be put up on a pillow. This frees the chest from the burden of the shoulders. A knee roll or something similar relaxes the abdominal muscles and thus also makes breathing easier.
  • Another storage option is the T-position. It is performed with two thin, narrow pillows as follows. The pillows are placed in a T-shape under the patient so that the shoulders and spine are supported. The tips of the shoulder blades and the edges of the ribs are exposed. This position can also be used while sitting.
  • Each head has its own pillow. To encourage the patient to take a deep breath and cough, he can say "Pooo" or "Hooo" to support the duration of the breath and because of the vibration associated with the sound shaping.
  • The back can be rubbed with rubbing alcohol. Many people find the rubbing in as refreshing.
  • The blood circulation can be stimulated by physical exercise. Movement exercises in bed, sitting on the edge of the bed, standing, walking, eating at the table (even if it is more comfortable in bed) are possible.
  • Inhalations can be performed as a steam bath or with an inhalation device. Thyme can be inhaled in the morning and at noon and in the evening with sage or generally with additives prescribed by the doctor.

Basically, the sputum should be spat out into a paper tissue and not swallowed down. For the paper tissues, there should be a small rubbish bag on the bedside table or a small waste paper basket near the patient.

  • Breathing training aids should not be used without doctor's instructions
  • Breathing deeply is practiced by blowing a balloon, blowing cotton balls or a pinwheel
  • Reading or singing out loud also stimulates breathing and it is also fun to sing a song together
  • Sufficient liquid must be drunk so that the mucous membranes and the secretion do not dry out and can be coughed up
  • Attention must be paid to the ventilation of the premises; fresh and slightly humidified air should always be provided

A healthy, balanced diet rich in vitamins is important to strengthen the body's defenses.