How is inorganic matter created?
The earlier sharp distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry had a weighty reason:
In the unaffected nature, organic compounds only arise through the activity of the organisms. When the organism dies, the opposite process begins: the organic substances break down into their inorganic components.
When the chemist F. Wöhler converted the clearly inorganic ammonium cyanate into the organic compound urea in 1828, this fundamental difference no longer existed. By purposeful and systematic activity one is today able to synthesize numerous organic compounds. Knowledge of chemistry and process engineering, in short: the use of spirit, is essential. If we now look at living beings, we find that there are no processes on the physical-chemical level in plants, animals and humans that contradict the physical and chemical processes outside of living organisms. The well-known laws of nature also have their full validity here. There is therefore no fundamental difference between inanimate matter and matter in living beings on the level of chemistry and physics. The neo-Darwinian approaches about the origin of the first living beings in the primordial soup atmosphere go beyond this knowledge and claim that there is a relatively smooth and unproblematic transition from inanimate matter to living organisms. A living organism must not be confused with matter in living beings. The overall appearance of the organism is not adequately understood if it is only viewed from the point of view of the isolated explicability of its individual parts. Organisms contain information as an important ingredient, that spiritual quantity that matter cannot generate by itself. It is responsible for the fact that every living being strives towards a certain shape and is able to reproduce. In inanimate nature there is no such thing as the principle of multiplication (reproduction based on information that has been impressed on it). Information thus becomes the characteristic criterion for clearly distinguishing a living organism from inanimate matter. Likewise, the creation of an individual shape - in contrast to the formation of crystals - has nothing to do with a physical-chemical structure law. The phenomenon of life is a quality that lies beyond physics and chemistry. Especially the so-called evolution experiments, which were supposed to prove the origin of life as a purely physical-chemical phenomenon, confirm our statement: "Information can never arise in a physico-chemical experiment!"
In the much-cited Miller experiments, some amino acids, the basic building blocks of proteins, could be synthesized; However, information never arose. This experiment is therefore outside of what could be called an evolution experiment.
The hypercycle designed by M. Eigen is a pure thought experiment without the necessary experimental confirmation. With the help of so-called "evolution machines" Eigen wanted to bring evolution into the state of the experimental. In relation to "Bild der Wissenschaft" (H. 8, 1988, p. 72) he said: "We let bacterial viruses evolve in one of our machines. This project has already been successful. In just three days we were able to isolate a mutant that showed the corresponding resistance. The example shows that it is possible to imitate the evolutionary process in the laboratory. "Such statements give the impression that an evolution experiment had succeeded here. In reality, existing living beings were assumed Tests carried out which therefore do not provide any information about the creation of information.
It is an important fact to note: No laboratory in the world has ever succeeded in "producing" living organisms from inanimate organic matter. This is all the more noteworthy as biotechnology has developed numerous possibilities of manipulation with living things. Significantly, biotechnology always starts with living things and only tries to manipulate them. Apparently the gap between chemotechnical processes and biotechnology is insurmountable. Yes, even if it were to be possible one day after tireless research and the use of all knowledge, it would prove that life can only be explained through the use of the spirit and creativity.
From "Questions that are asked again and again" by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Gitt. Source and copyright: Christian Literature Distribution (CLV), 33661 Bielefeld. With kind permission.
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