What is the treatment for quadriplegia

Paraplegia (paraplegia, tetraplegia)

After an accident with suspected paraplegia, those affected are immediately taken to a clinic. If the diagnosis is confirmed, an operation is carried out, if necessary, to relieve the pinched spinal cord and fix the spine in a good position. The stability of the spine is a prerequisite for rehabilitation. In the case of open spine and spinal cord injuries, must these are closed surgically. So far there is unfortunately no method to repair the nerve fibers of the spinal cord that have been damaged by tearing or crushing.

 

In any case, a specialist neurological examination (including measurement of nerve and muscle function) is carried out and intensive treatment initiated.

 

This treatment focuses on stabilizing the patient's body functions, such as circulation, breathing, temperature and relieving pain. Special care is also taken to avoid or treat immediate secondary diseases - including circulatory instability and thrombosis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections, intestinal obstruction, pressure sores and stiff joints.

 

One goal of care in the acute phase is to minimize tissue damage in order to preserve as many bodily functions as possible so that the highest possible mobility of the trunk, extremities and head can be achieved later (depending on the type of paraplegia). In many cases, psychotherapeutic treatment (e.g. for depression, suicide risk, etc.) or psychological support is necessary.

 

These acute measures are followed by intensive rehabilitation treatment. This is crucial for regaining functions and is currently the most important therapeutic measure alongside acute care. Rehabilitation treatment, which usually lasts for months or even years, aims to maintain or regain as many functions and independence as possible.