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Tezpur is a city and the administrative headquarters and local government committee of Sonitpur District in Assam in northeast India. Tezpur is an ancient city on the banks of the Brahmaputra River and is the largest of the north bank cities with a population that goes 100,000 too far. It is located northeast of Guwahati.

Origin of the name

The name Tezpur is derived from the Sanskrit words 'Teza' (meaning of blood) and 'Pura' (meaning of the city or town). Legend has it that the actual name of this place was 'Sonitpur' ("sonit" in Sanskrit, also means blood!), But when the battle between the army of Krishna and the army of Banasura fought to save Aniruddha (who who was grandson of Lord Krishna according to legend) there was so much bloodshed that the whole place was stained in red. This gave rise to the name of Tezpur becoming a place. It is the Seventh largest city from Assam to Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Nagaon and Tinsukia with a population of 100,477.

Love story of Usha and Anirudha

When you enter Tezpur via the Kaliyabhomora Bridge, there is an inscription that "In Tezpur - the city of love is welcome". That is based on a traditional love story set in the mythological periods when Tezpur was formed.

Rukmani told Krishna that he had instituted religion during his incarnation and now he should withdraw from incarnation. Krishna said, "Before leaving this earth and finishing incarnation, I must break the ego of Banasurwho is a follower of Shiva." Shiva, delighted with the devotion of Banasur, has protected his city "SONITPUR" himself.

Banasur got special favor from Shiva. The elder son of Shiva Kartikeya gifted blessing from Banasura in the form of a divine peacock as his chariot. Riding on it, Banasur defeated the deities, demi gods and many more. Banasurwas full of pride for his success and told Shiva, "God, nobody wants to fight me; I am upset and want to fight someone." Shiva said, "The day your wining flag will fall that day you will get a chance to fight a war." The daughter of Banasur Usha was very beautiful and a great devotee of the goddess Parvati. Devi Parvati has given her a blessing that on the night of Baishakh dwadeshi (day 12) the man she will see in her dreams will be married to her. That night she saw Aniruddha in her dreams and was fascinated by him.

Banasur thought that he was immortal and was very proud. Lord Shiva was concerned to see his ego and asked Krishna to break his ego. Here the wife of Banasur Vrinda was concerned about the marriage of her daughter Usha. She trusted Goddess Parvati. Banasur was very happy in receiving the blessing from Shiva for a fight and decided to organize a swayamvar (a man's election made public by a princess) for his daughter Usha. He has announced that whoever will drop his winning flag could marry Usha. At this announcement, many princes came and tried to drop the flag, but none was successful. Then Banasur himself went up to the flag to drop it, but Shiva told him through the utterance of God that he could not drop his own flag.

Regarding the love story of Usha and Aniruddha, Krishna Devarshi ordered Narad to show the right path to Usha, who was blindly in love with Aniruddha. Naradji made Usha's feeling for Aniruddha stronger. Usha started having love conversations

with painting of Aniruddha made by her friend Chitralekha. Just then Banasurcame and saw her talking, which made him very angry. So he threw the painting away. The painting hit with the winning flag and the flag fell over. Banasur remembered Shiva's words and was very happy that now he would get a chance to fight a war. Naradji increased the excitement of love in Usha's mind for Aniruddha. Shri Krishna and Rukmani discussed the love story of Usha and Aniruddha. Banasur has sent threatening message to Krishna and Balram for this lovestory. At this Balram got angry and decided to fight a war with Banasurbut Krishna told him about Aniruddha's love for Usha and cooled him down. Then Balram left with a proposal for Usha's marriage and Aniruddhas with Banasurbut he rejected them.

Usha was confused in the love of Aniruddha. Seeing that, Chitralekha told her that she could kidnap Aniruddha and get him there. On instruction from Usha, Chitralekhawent and kidnapped Aniruddha to bring him with them. Banasursent two illusory spies Chitrasen and Veersen to Dwarka to keep an eye on Aniruddha. Chitralekhawas on her way back with Aniruddha when she met Chitrasen and Veersen, but with her illusory tricks she betrayed them and went ahead.

Asked by Naradji, Shri Krishna told the story of the damned life of Chitralekha: In her previous life, Chitralekha was a heavenly nymph and maid servant of the goddess Parvati and thwarted by Parvati in the dice game, she has the form of Parvati with hers assumed illusory powers and tried to convince Shiva. This made the goddess Parvati angry and cursed her.

Chitralekhareached Dwarka to kidnap Aniruddha. There Shri Krishna stopped them on their way with his Sudarshan Chakra. Chitralekha asked Naradji for help and asked him to give her away through chakra. With the blessing of Krishna, she gained entry into the palace and took Aniruddha away with her. Balram got very angry when he came to know about the kidnapping of Aniruddha. Later Krishna and Rukmani calmed him down.

Chitralekhagot Aniruddha into the palace of Usha, who quietly saves him from the sight of the guards. Usha was too happy

see Aniruddha. Rukmani was very upset at not discovering Aniruddha in his room. Shri Krishna told her that the mystery of Aniruddha is kidnapping. Banasur's wife Vrinda and secretary Kumand told him not to fight with Krishna, but he was relentless with his love of war and supported guardians for Usha. Balram was concerned about the safety of Aniruddha. Shri Krishna and Rukmani have declared to him so as not to be alarming.

Knowing that Aniruddha was only in Sonitpur, Banasur appointed Mayasur who knew illusory tricks to protect Usha. Then Balram killed Mayasur with his mace, but Krishna informed him that Mayasur he killed was illusory Mayasur that was his image.

Here, in Usha's room, Chitralekha admonished that she was careful with Banasur. Shri Krishna explained the definition of love for Naradji and said that the time had come to break Banasur's ego. With the order of Banasur Chitralekhatook Usha to the temple of Shiva in a litter. Aniruddha also in the disguise of Kahar (person who carries the litter) has moved forward. Searching Usha Banasurcame's room to know that Aniruddha had succeeded in running away. He sent his soldiers in all directions to look for Aniruddha and they surrounded him outside the temple. Illusory Mayasur appeared and fought with Aniruddha. They fought wildly and eventually Mayasur was killed by Aniruddha.

After that, Banasurcame and the way of Aniruddha ceased. They fought wildly too. Seeing Aniruddha fighting Banasur, Balram became very angry. Then Naradji and Krishna explained to him. Banasurand Aniruddha fought an illusory war. Eventually Banasur released such a weapon, from which a dangerous snake appeared and arrested Aniruddha. This made Balram very angry, but Shri Krishna let him see his Chaturbhuj form and calmed him down.

In order to protect Aniruddha and to break Banasur's ego, Shri Krishna asked permission from Shiva to fight Banasur. Usha and Aniruddha managed to run away from the palace of Banasur. As soon as Banasurcame to know about it

he followed them with his army and one battle was fought between Banasurand Aniruddha. Banasurmade Aniruddha his prisoner in the war. Here Krishna has asked Shiva's permission to fight Banasur.

Banasur has ordered for the death of Aniruddha as punishment. Shri Krishna and Balram have come to Sonitpur for the safety of Balram. There Krishna fought with Banasur. Shri Krishna cut off the thousand Banasur hands one by one and tore off his ego. This bloddshed in this great war led to the naming of "Tezpur" (Tez = blood in Assamese). After all, Krishna wanted to kill him with his Sudarshan Chakra; just then Lord Shiva manifested and protected Banasur. At Shiva, Brahma's request and Narad, Krishna appeared in his form of Viraat, then Naradji did

Banasur realizes the truth that Lord Shiva and Krishna were the one. Then Banasursighted the form of Harihar, mixture of Krishna and Shiva. Banasur has apologized for his crime. Shri Krishna forgave him and blessed him.

All deities got a sight of the form of Viraat from Shri Krishna. They felt happy to receive the vision and prayed to him with great devotion. Usha and anirudha then lived a happily married life afterwards in the city of love "Tezpur".


Historic ruins from the 8th and 9th centuries dot the surrounding areas of the city. The ruins of Bamuni Hills are most famous. They resemble Gupta's period art. Accordingly, there are many myths as well. The Da Parbatia ruins are a shining example of architecture from around the 4th century AD.

Moderner Tezpur was founded by the British colonial government in 1835 as the headquarters of the Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing Burma, especially the corps of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indian nurses. After India gained independence in 1947, it remained the headquarters of the Darrang district. During the China-Indian War of 1962, the Chinese army reached the city of Tawang, which is located on Arunachal Pradesh, and for this purpose the city had to be evacuated. All the prison gates were opened and prisoners were released. In 1983, part of the district was redesigned to form a separate district called Darrang. Tezpur was made the headquarters of the new Sonitpur District.

Tezpur Balipara Light Railway: The existing MG railroad is oldest on the north bank, descending from the Tezpur Balipara Light Railroad built in 1885 to carry tea from upcountry estates to the then riverport Tezpur.

Rock inscriptions 829 AD: Sir Edward A. Gait (1897) had alluded to the nine line inscription by Harjjar Varma in his '' A Story of Assam ''. The inscription is the first recorded history of Assam and dates back to 829 AD. The inscription was found engraved on a massive stone about two km away from the city of Tezpur, which is located near a temple called Rudrapad.

Hazara Pukhuri: A king of the dynasty in which Harjjar Varma excavated a large pond of the land later came to be known as Hajara Pukhuri (Harjjara Pukhuri).

Kanaklata: On September 10, 1942 at Gohpur a young girl named Kanaklata Barua from the village of Barangabri led a procession of unarmed villagers under the congressional flag. As soon as Kanaklata unfolded the flag, she and her companion Mukunda Kakati were gunned down by armed police. Your heroic sacrifice is still not forgotten with pride. On the same day at Dhekiajuli Police Station, eleven unarmed villagers were gunned down by armed police while they were trying to pull up the tricolor at the police station. Three youths named Tileswari, Numali and Khahuli killed in this incident are especially remembered by the locals.

Cultural heritage

How one

considered, Tezpur is the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being of the cultural heartland of Assamese, the city has many stalwart ones such as Dr Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903-51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909-69), Phani Sarma (1909-70) and Ananda Chandra Agarwala (1874-1939 ) generated. It is also the birthplace of former Indian Parliament Speaker (2004-2009), Somnath Chatterjee.

Kalaguru Bishnuprasad Rabha (1909-69): Bishnuprasad Rabha was born in Dhaka, Bangladesh on January 31, 1909. His father, Gopal Chandra Rabha, was in the British police force and the family was well funded. Bishnu Rabha spent his childhood in Dhaka and started his primary education in the Bengali medium there. After primary upbringing, his family permanently moved to Tezpur, Assam. Bishnu Rabha started his high school education in Tezpur Government High School. From the same school he went in Flying Colors and went to Calcutta for higher education. He successfully completed ISC exam from St. Paul Missionary University and joined prestigious University of Ripon near Calcutta for BSC.

Bishnu Rabha was influenced by the Mahatma Gandhi in 1930. He took an active part in the freedom movement and that affected his education. He has written many slogans and has raised Indian tricolor falgs in many government buildings in Calcutta. That has forced British police to issue non-bail warrants against him. Bishnu Rabha fled to Tezpur from Calcutta and started his activities there. He has led Assam in the freedom movement and in parallel expressing his native artistic talents. He gave all of his inherited 2500 bighas in the country to the poor farmers.

On the other pages:

Popularly known as Kala Guru (Assamese :) he himself used to write his name as "BISHNU PRASAD RAVA". He was a versatile artist and revolutionary singer from Assam. An elder in the arts, from an early stage, he has played an active role in the struggle for Indian independence. However, he never joined the National Indian Congress. He believed - Congress is a party of the bourgeoisie, and so it is the fight against British imperialism, it is full of compromises. He came to be influenced by the ideas of the left wing and got close to the Communist Party of India. However, when Germany attacked the Soviet Union during WWII and the Indian Communists chose to work with the British government, one section of the party preferred a different approach - to oppose British imperialism and fascism at the same time. A split occurred in the Communist Party and in 1945 he finally joined the Revolutionary Communist Party of India (RCPI). In 1951, after the death of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, he became the President of the Assam Branch of the Indian Peoples' Theater Association (IPTA), but Comrade Rava was elected as a member of the Assam Legislative Assembly of Tezpur for the term 1967-72 it passed prematurely on June 20, 1969.

Bishnu Rabha has always worked for the upliftment of his own society. All of his writings, songs, are arts just by the product of it. The books write through hime like His findings like Axomiya Kristir Somu Abhax (An Outline of the Assamese Culture), Axomiya Kristi (The Assamese Culture), and Mukti Deol (The Temple of Freedom) are reflections of his socialist terms. His residence is still a cultural hub consisting of a recording // /

Jyoti Prasad Agarwalla (1903-51): Known as 'Rupkonwar' (Prince of Beauty) to the Assamese, the main political and artistic journey from Agarwala begins in the 1930s. He gave himself completely to the freedom movement. He has even been jailed for 15 months and fined 500 rupees for actively participating in the struggle for independence. In the meantime he has continued to work for the artistic and cultural upliftment of Assamese society.

Jyoti Prasad Agarwala started writing only from the age of 14. At that time he wrote the famous game 'Sonit-Konwari'. For the next couple of years during his student days he wrote many short stories. Agarwala was set to study child psychology. He has written many stories for children. Some other games he wrote are Rupalim, Karengar Ligiri, and Lobhita.Agarwala has written more than 300 poems and put music on most of them. These song collections are known as Jyoti Sangeet. It has become a new genre of music even in Assam in later days.

Agarwala is considered to be the father of Assamese film. He's invested huge amounts of time and his own money in it. He had a studio called 'Chitrban' which was set up at the Bholaguri tea stand in Tezpur in 1934. The film 'Joymati' was shot there and released in 1935, starring Phani Sarma (1909-70). In 1939 Agarwala made the second Assamese film 'Indramalati'. He also built a cinema hall called 'Junaki' which opened in Tezpur in 1937. Another contribution from Agarwala is the publication of the newspaper 'Axomiya' from 1944 and onwards. He has also set up an Assamese music school in Tezpur. The Assamese poet Chandra Kumar Agarwala was his uncle. While Agarwala was on the indictment of the tea possession of Tamulbari of Dibrugarh, the same place where he was born, he suffered from cancer and died on June 17, 1951, only 48 years old. His death anniversary is calebrated as the 'Jyoti Divas' in Assam on June 17th each year.

Economy, transport and logistics

Tezpur's economy depends on its garden restaurants. There are many garden eateries surrounding the city of Tezpur. The surrounding garden restaurants and agriculture contribute to the local economy. Now Tezpur is a commercial, administrative and educational center - apart from housing a main base of the Indian Army and Air Force (Salonibari). The distance from the state capital Dispur is approximately 190 kilometers. Tezpur is well connected by the Guwahati Road (bus service and small taxi service "Winger"). The nearest civil airport is Saloni - 8 km from the heart of the city. The city attracts tourists with its scenic beauty. The population is largely heterogeneous in nature Assamese, Bengali, Nepalese, Bihari, communities of Marwari make up the majority.People from different tribes like the tea tribes (brought in by colonial planters as indentured workers from the plateau area of ​​Chhotanagpur), Bodos, Mishings etc. also made their home Like other places in Assam, the problem of illegal migration from Bangladesh adds religious spice to the regular political debates and abuse. When performing Tezpur on Dadhara, Jyoti-Bishnu khelpathar is a major attraction. The field belongs to Pradip Sarmah of BamunChuburi. The fields are used for various cultural events.

In 1987, Kolia Bhomora Setu was introduced across the Brahmaputra River, connecting it to the southern Nagaon district. The bridge is the longest bridge over the river and measures a total of 3015 meters. It has become a tourist attraction in and of itself.

Training and research

Tezpur has one major university (Tezpur University) apart from numerous universities and schools. It has now received the appendix "UNIVERSITY AT PARALLEL EXELLENCE" from UGC (University Approval Commission). Tezpur also has many schools, universities of very high standing. Darrang University, Tezpur University are the main universities.

The Assam Valley School, located 15 km from Tezpur, is a very high standard residential school established by the Williamson Magor Group. The school was ranked as the 7th best boarding school in the country in a survey by an independent magazine. It has further earned national laurels from the board performance of its once chief boy, Gaurav Agarwal, who headed the country on the ISC committee with 98 percent in 2008-2009. Gaurav, in his Class X board exams, had secured the front row in northeastern India. In general, too, the school posts high standards in academics.

Other schools namely Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 1, Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 2, Army Public School, Don Bosco High School, Sacred Heart High School, St. Josephs Convent High School, Govt Boys High School, Govt Girls High School, the H. Bengal Boys S School, Bengal Girls High School, Guru Nanak Model School, Tezpur Academy, Children's Paradise School and Carmel Residential School are the main institutes for education in Tezpur city. Located next to the National Highway [NH-37] at Nikamul, Tezpur, Don Bosco High School has done exceptionally well in the education sector producing exceptional results in the High School Leaving Certificate (HSLC) issued by the Assam High School Education Board (SEBA) is led.


Tezpur University

Other institutes

LGBRIMH (Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute for Mental Health)

Tezpur Medical University

NERIWALM (Northeast Regional Institute for Water and Land Management)

Northeast Education (Authorized Study Center of the University of Mahatmas Gandhi)

  • The Third Eye University (Study Center of Sikkim Manipal University)
  • DOEACC center (formerly CEDTI)
  • DRL (Defense Research Laboratory)
  • ISI (Indian statistical institute)
  • New NIIT Mission Chariali Center, Tezpur

Travel information

Local areas / sites of interest

  • Agnigarh - also Usha-Aniruddha Udyan
  • Bhairabi Temple - Shrine of Durga also known as Maithan or Bhairabi Devalaya
  • Cabbage Park - Also known as Chitralekha Udyan
  • Kolia Bhomora Setu - The 3,015 km long road bridge over Brahmaputra
  • Ketakeshwar Dewal - Shrine of Shiva
  • Mahabhairav ​​Temple - Shrine of Shiva
  • Padum Pukhuri - main lake with an island in the middle
  • Rudrapath - Shrine of Shiva
  • Bamuni Pahar
  • Since Parbatia Gate of the period of Gupta
  • Pool of Hazara pukhuri-the gupta period
  • Nagger Shankar - Temple of Lord Shiva

Nearby areas of interest

  • From Tezpur by the road Tawang (12 hours) / Bomdila (5 hours) / Kaziranga National Park (40 km) / Orangutan National Park (30 km) / Nameri National Park (35 km) are very easily accessible.
  • For orchid lovers, the orchid sanctuary nearby d. H. Bhalukpung will be a bonus point for the hundreds of orchid varieties that are grown there.
  • PAKKE (a sanctuary of tigers) & EAGLENEST (a birding point) are also nearby.
  • In addition, the Bharali River is an angler's delight as fishing / water rafting is permitted during winter times.
  • Chariduar also organize several tourist lodges in the middle of the garden restaurant.
  • ECO camps are also there in Bhalukpung / Nameri.

How to get here

It is well connected by both air and road transport. There are direct flights from Calcutta three times a week, and there is daily bus service from Guwahati to Tezpur.

It is only 180 km and both government and tour buses fold regularly back and forth from Guwahati.

From Tezpur tour vehicles are available for rent for all nearby destinations such as Bhalukpong, Kaziranga.

As for Indian railways, its really a tragedy that even after 60 years of independence they are unable to make their presence felt, this shows the Indian mainlander's (/ Bihar / Bengal and others) attitude towards ASSAM and the Northeast as a whole. Even though it is a major ARMY, AIR FORCE, there is no Broadguage train line direct to it. So in any case, Indian railways have not contributed to the lives of Tezpurians. to promote socially and economically.


The rivers in and around Tezpur flood very quickly, especially in the foothills of the Himalayas. The city is located next to the Brahmaputra River. Tezpur has several small little hills so flooding does not occur during the monsoons.


Tezpur is part of Tezpur (constituency of Lok Sabha).

External connections