What is the strongest hardwood
Types of wood and their use
Our timber construction
Wood is a versatile building material, not least because the different types of wood have different colors, properties and uses. We have put together a brief overview of the mainly native tree species for you.
Light wood is obtained from maple, which varies in color from almost white to light brown with a reddish tinge (yellowish in the case of sycamore maple). The grain of the European maple is fine and even; Bird eyes and special patterns also occur. Maple quickly darkens in the sun. Maple is often used for floors, furniture, veneers, kitchens and tables.
As expected, the wood of the birch is light and usually has a reddish-yellow note. The wood is weakly grained; The flame or ice birch, however, forms flame or ice flower-like drawings that produce interesting grains. The birch is widely used, especially in the Scandinavian countries. Birch is mainly used in parquet floors, as a veneer or as wood for furniture construction.
Beech wood is light, yellowish or reddish - older trees often have a reddish-brown color core. Beech wood is only weakly textured. The common beech is the most common deciduous tree in Europe. No wonder that beech is one of the most important timber in our latitudes. Beech is hard, elastic, dense and firm - similar to oak. Accordingly, the wood is widely used, for example for floors, furniture, veneers and for heavily used components.
The coniferous wood, originally from North America, has a light colored spint and a yellowish to reddish brown heartwood that darkens strongly over time. In the weather it quickly turns gray. Douglas fir is soft, tough, and firm. It has a good load-bearing capacity and is almost unaffected by the weather. That is why it is often used outdoors and for shipbuilding, but is also used as veneer, in floors and paneling.
The hard, yellowish brown wood is the classic among the hardwoods. Oak stands for hardness, weather resistance and resilience. In addition, the wood is amazingly elastic. Oak wood is beautifully grained, the annual rings are clearly visible. The wood is widely used for floors, paneling, furniture, veneers, constructions - i.e. practically everywhere, indoors and outdoors.
In the ash, sapwood and heartwood are light, white-yellowish or reddish. Ash wood is, like oak wood, cloudy and irregularly striped. Ash wood is more ductile, more flexible and tougher than most other domestic types of wood; on the other hand, it is not very weather-resistant and is therefore used almost exclusively indoors for floors, furniture, paneling and veneers.
The spruce or red fir produces a soft, non-weatherproof wood in shiny red tones. The annual rings are easy to see; the wood has a mostly finely striped grain, which is broken by conspicuous knotholes. The eye-catching resin channels that run through the wood are typical of spruce wood. Spruce wood is very soft and has a very low density. On the other hand, the mechanical properties are surprisingly good, which is why spruce wood is often used as building and construction timber. Spruce is also used for floors, furniture and veneers.
The heartwood of the pine is noticeably darker than the yellowish-white sapwood. The wood is visibly grained, knotholes are also clearly visible. Pine wood is of medium weight and has good mechanical properties compared to spruce. Nevertheless, pine wood is not necessarily suitable for outdoor use either; it is suitable for the construction of furniture or as construction timber.
The medium-weight cherry wood is quite different in color between the sapwood and the core. The sapwood is yellowish-white and the heartwood is yellow-reddish to red-brown. Cherry wood is easy to work and polish. These properties and the warm color make cherry wood a precious wood that is used in the interior: Noble floors, panels, furniture, veneers, decorations are made with cherry wood - or in combination with it.
The color of the heartwood and sapwood differs significantly in the larch, whereby the heartwood is significantly darker than the light yellow to reddish outer area. In the heartwood there are also nail branches, small dark branches that have grown into the wood. Larch wood is the strongest and heaviest softwood and is therefore very strong. It can also be used outdoors as long as there is no earth contact. Larch wood is often used for constructions in construction, doors, gates, window and facade cladding are also often made from larch wood. The alpine parlors, known from the mountain areas, are lined with larches and spread their very own charm and a homely scent.
The wood of the walnut tree impresses with its typical ornate design. The colors vary from light to dark brown to almost black. Walnut wood is sometimes referred to as the finest of the local woods. It is used accordingly: Noble floors, sophisticated furniture, veneers, paneling and doors are made from it.
The matt fir wood is yellowish or reddish white throughout. The wood is clearly grained like stripes. The grain is regularly broken by clearly visible knotholes. The wood of the silver fir is used in construction; fiberboard, veneers, boxes, masts, furniture and pallets are also made from them.
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