What are the main goals of the UN

The United Nations

All member states of the United Nations (UN) have committed to complying with the goals and principles set out in the charter. Against the background of two world wars, they are supposed to ensure cooperation between the "peoples of the United Nations".

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"We, the peoples of the United Nations - determined to save future generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought unspeakable suffering to humanity, [...] have decided in our endeavor to achieve this Aims to work together. " This is the beginning of the United Nations Charter, which was unanimously adopted by delegates from 50 countries in San Francisco on June 25, 1945 and ratified on October 24 of the same year.

Against the background of two world wars and the failure of the League of Nations, the signatories wanted to create an alliance of states that would prevent future wars and ensure cooperation. In the course of its history, the UN should not always live up to this role, as became apparent during the East-West conflict and in Somalia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Nevertheless, the UN is the first organization that has effectively implemented the more than 200-year-old idea of ​​a confederation.

The central goals of the United Nations are listed in the first chapter of the Charter:
  • Maintain world peace and security
  • peaceful settlement of all disputes
  • Refrain from using force
  • Respect equality and national sovereignty of all states
  • promote friendly cooperation to secure peace
  • Promote international cooperation to solve economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems
  • Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms regardless of race, gender, language or religion
The charter describes the goals and tasks of the United Nations and names its organs and competencies. It contains 111 articles in 19 chapters and has been modified in four points since its adoption. For example, in 1965 the Security Council was increased from 11 to 15 members. Changes must be adopted by a two-thirds majority of the members of the General Assembly and ratified by two-thirds of the members of the United Nations, including all permanent members of the Security Council, in accordance with their constitutional law.

Long negotiations preceded the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945. In view of the approaching Second World War, Franklin Delano Roosevelt spoke out in 1937 for the creation of a functioning confederation of states. The League of Nations, founded in 1920, which the USA had initiated but which it had never joined, had proven to be an institution without any significant legitimation. When the war began, Roosevelt and the then British Prime Minister Winston Churchill also dropped their original plans to set up a "world police" consisting primarily of the USA and Great Britain. Instead, the great powers Russia and China were brought to the negotiating table, and other countries joined them.

A total of 26 countries signed the "United Nations Declaration" on January 1, 1942, followed by a further 21 by March 1, 1945 - before a total of 50 founding states came together to adopt the Charter in June 1945. Today the UN comprises 192 member states (as of January 2011), which have committed themselves to the goals of war avoidance and peaceful cooperation.

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