What does home automation mean

Smart home

1. Term: The term "Smart Home" aims at the home that has been upgraded in terms of information and sensors and is networked internally and externally. Related terms are "Smart Living" and "Intelligent Home". There are close relationships in general with the Internet of Things and especially with smart metering, as well as with the smart city. The aim is to increase the quality of life and living, operational and burglary security and energy efficiency, which has both economic and ecological implications.

2. Examples: Automatically controlled heating, ventilation, doors, windows, awnings, blinds and lamps (building or home automation) as well as systems that can be controlled and manipulated manually via mobile devices such as smartphones are just as much a part of smart homes as smart metering and smart grids. Intelligent refrigerators and coffee machines (household appliance automation), which themselves recognize a shortage and independently place an order, have been conjured up for years, but have hardly caught on. Washing machines automatically adjust the water supply and washing time without necessarily being networked with other systems.

3. Criticism and Outlook: The smart home was a common vision back in the 1990s. Even the regular renaming of the phenomenon has not led to the desired progress. Some components are now standard without the big picture being achieved, except in showcase projects and show homes. Disadvantages and issues of information ethics are the loss of informational autonomy and the possibility of data abuse, also in the context of big data. A hostile takeover of systems can hardly be prevented; these can be switched on and off, malfunctioning and overheated or worn out, which in turn calls for information and technology ethics on the scene.